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Table 5 Mild depression (odds ratios; 95% CI) by study year, sex, and parents’ unemployment and education

From: Self-reported depression is increasing among socio-economically disadvantaged adolescents – repeated cross-sectional surveys from Finland from 2000 to 2011

  2000–2001 2002–2003 2004–2005 2006–2007 2008–2009 2010–2011
Parents’ education and employment OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Boys       
High education employed 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
High education unemployed 1.43 (1.29-1.59) 1.40 (1.26-1.55) 1.51 (1.38-1.66) 1.49 (1.36-1.64) 1.53 (1.40-1.67) 1.76 (1.59-1.96)
Medium education employed 0.98 (0.89-1.08) 0.95 (0.87-1.05) 1.06 (0.97-1.16) 1.05 (0.96-1.15) 1.09 (0.99-1.19) 0.99 (0.89-1.09)
Medium education unemployed 1.35 (1.21-1.50) 1.33 (1.19-1.48) 1.55 (1.39-1.72) 1.60 (1.43-1.79) 1.64 (1.47-1.83) 1.46 (1.30-1.63)
Low education employed 1.13 (0.97-1.32) 1.16 (0.98-1.36) 1.17 (0.99-1.39) 1.20 (1.02-1.42) 1.24 (1.02-1.50) 1.21 (0.98-1.50)
Low education unemployed 1.52 (1.28-1.82) 1.67 (1.38-2.03) 1.62 (1.34-1.96) 1.92 (1.57-2.35) 1.99 (1.61-2.47) 1.73 (1.44-2.09)
N 47586 50774 53057 54315 54132 51116
Girls       
High education employed 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
High education unemployed 1.22 (1.12-1.33) 1.36 (1.24-1.48) 1.35 (1.25-1.46) 1.47 (1.36-1.60) 1.44 (1.33-1.55) 1.48 (1.37-1.59)
Medium education employed 1.05 (0.97-1.12) 1.09 (1.01-1.17) 1.09 (1.02-1.17) 1.16 (1.09-1.23) 1.15 (1.08-1.23) 1.13 (1.05-1.22)
Medium education unemployed 1.36 (1.25-1.47) 1.49 (1.38-1.62) 1.52 (1.40-1.65) 1.55 1.42-1.68) 1.56 (1.43-1.69) 1.48 (1.35-1.61)
Low education employed 1.16 (1.03-1.31) 1.16 (1.02-1.32) 1.13 (0.96-1.29) 1.17 (1.02-1.33) 1.30 (1.12-1.52) 1.21 (1.06-1.38)
Low education unemployed 1.40 (1.22-1.60) 1.53 (1.32-1.78) 1.63 (1.40-1.90) 1.68 (1.43-1.99) 1.83 (1.54-2.18) 1.93 (1.69-2.20)
N 47049 49236 51713 54005 54035 51066
  1. Reference group: employed parents with high education.