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Table 3 Characteristics of men and women students according to the presence of perceived stress

From: Stress and cardiometabolic manifestations among Saudi students entering universities: a cross-sectional observational study

  Men Women
  Control Stressed P value Control Stressed P value
N 659 453   385 381  
Age (years) 18.4 ± 2.7 18.4 ± 2.3 0.65 17.8 ± 2.9 18.1 ± 2.1 0.18
BMI (kg/m2) 24.2 ± 5.9 24.6 ± 6.7 0.39 23.3 ± 4.5 23.1 ± 5.2 0.69
Waist circumference (cm) 84.7 ± 16.1 84.1 ± 19.1 0.62 73.1 ± 11.6 73.5 ± 12.4 0.66
Hip circumference (cm) 101.3 ± 15.9 101.4 ± 15.4 0.87 98.3 ± 11.4 97.9 ± 12.5 0.65
SAD (cm) 20.0 ± 6.5 20.3 ± 8.1 0.47 13.3 ± 5.2 13.4 ± 4.2 0.82
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.2 ± 0.83 4.2 ± 0.86 0.77 4.4 ± 1.0 4.6 ± 1.0 0.01
Glucose (mmol/l) 5.1 ± 0.61 5.2 ± 0.60 0.85 5.0 ± 0.49 5.1 ± 0.56 0.26
HDL (mmol/l) 1.1 ± 0.25 1.1 ± 0.25 0.55 1.3 ± 0.36 1.4 ± 0.32 0.82
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.0 ± 0.52 1.1 ± 0.54 0.46 0.84 ± 0.37 0.87 ± 0.43 0.36
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) 1808.5 ± 243.4 1801.5 ± 250.0 0.70 1430.2 ± 146.7 1420.7 ± 161.5 0.41
Arm muscle circumference (AMC) 23.3 ± 3.1 23.4 ± 3.3 0.77 20.2 ± 0.9 20.0 ± 2.1 0.33
Body cell mass (BCM) 37.1 ± 6.4 36.7 ± 6.6 0.51 26.7 ± 3.7 26.5 ± 4.1 0.55
Intracellular measured value 26.6 ± 4.7 26.5 ± 4.6 0.72 19.3 ± 3.8 18.9 ± 2.9 0.24
Extracellular measured value 12.4 ± 2.2 12.4 ± 2.3 0.80 9.3 ± 1.3 9.2 ± 1.4 0.60
Protein mass measured value 10.7 ± 1.8 10.6 ± 1.8 0.65 7.6 ± 1.1 7.5 ± 1.1 0.48
Mineral mass measured value 3.4 ± 0.49 3.3 ± 0.49 0.46 2.6 ± 0.28 2.6 ± 0.31 0.43
Fat mass measured value 19.0 ± 13.3 19.2 ± 13.6 0.87 19.7 ± 8.7 19.9 ± 9.9 0.75
Body water 39.1 ± 6.7 39.1 ± 7.4 0.97 28.4 ± 3.9 28.2 ± 4.3 0.51
Soft lean mass 49.8 ± 8.5 49.5 ± 8.7 0.63 36.1 ± 5.1 35.9 ± 5.5 0.55
Lean body mass 53.2 ± 9.2 52.9 ± 9.5 0.70 38.7 ± 5.2 38.5 ± 5.8 0.67
Percent body fat 24.0 ± 9.9 24.1 ± 10.0 0.96 32.3 ± 7.6 32.4 ± 8.3 0.78
Fat distribution 0.87 ± 0.11 0.87 ± 0.11 0.96 0.85 ± 0.07 0.85 ± 0.07 0.57
  1. Note: Data presented as mean ± standard deviation; p-value significant at p < 0.05.