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Table 2 Bivariate associations of potential predictors of EBF practice (N = 279)

From: HIV serostatus and disclosure: implications for infant feeding practice in rural south Nyanza, Kenya

  N EBF N (%) NON EBF N (%) P value Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
Socio demographic characteristics      
Education     0.75 1.14(0.49-2.63)
Only primary school (elementary) or less 217 173(79.15) 44(20.28)   
Secondary school (high school) or more 44 36(81.82) 8(18.18)   
Age group, years      
≤20 96     
21-30 153 121(79.08) 32(20.29) 0.54 0.81(0.42-1.56)
≥31 30 22(73.33) 8(26.67) 0.29 0.59(0.23-1.55)
Number of pregnancies     0.99 0.99(0.48-2.08)
1 54 43(79.63) 11(20.37)   
>1 225 179(79.56) 46(20.44)   
Currently living with male partner     0.66 1.22(0.48-3.12)
Yes 245 194(79.18) 51(20.82)   
No 34 28(82.35) 6(17.65)   
Number of ANC visits completed     0.053 0.95(0.81-1.12)
1 ANC visit 22 14(63.64) 8(36.36)   
≥2 ANC visit 257 208(80.93) 49(19.07)   
Place of delivery of the baby     0.03 2.02(1.04-3.93)
Home 174 132(75.86) 42(24.14)   
Health facility 103 89(86.41) 14(13.59)   
Anticipated HIV/AIDS stigma from partner     0.57 1.46(0.91-2.35)
Yes 101 75(75.00) 25(25.00)   
No 149 120(81.08) 28(18.93)   
Refuse to answer 31 27(87.10) 4(12.90)   
Anticipated HIV/AIDS stigma from others     0.71 1.08(0.69-1.69)
Yes 171 136(79.53) 35(20.47)   
No 81 63(77.78) 18(22.22)   
Refuse to answer 27 23(85.19) 4(14.81)   
Any intimate partner violence in pregnancy or postpartum     0.81 0.91(0.43-1.90)
Yes 57 46(80.70) 11(19.30)   
No 222 176(79.28) 46(20.73)   
Mental health     0.65 0.79(0.28-2.17)
Depressed (EPDS score > =13 29 24(82.76) 5(17.24)   
Not depressed (EPDS score < 13) 250 198(79.20) 52(20.80)   
Post partum Knowledge of PMTCT     0.40 1.28(0.71-2.29)
High Knowledge (> = 3 methods) 136 111(81.62) 25(18.38)   
Low knowledge (<3 methods) 143 111(76.62) 32(22.38)