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Table 1 Sample characteristics at 1996, Taiwan Longitudinal Study on Aging (TLSA)

From: The effects of mid-life socioeconomic disadvantage and perceived social support on trajectories of subsequent depressive symptoms among older Taiwanese women

  % or mean (SD)
Mid-life SES  
Education attainment  
  No formal education 45.29
  Formal education  
  1-6 years 40.73
  7-9 years 8.01
  10 years and above 5.96
Adulthood major occupation  
  Higher white collar 9.78
  Medium-level 9.78
  Blue collar 48.89
  Unemployed 31.55
Employment status  
  Full-time job 27.77
  No full-time job 27.96
  Housekeeper 44.27
Economic strain 25.26
Perceived social support  
Positive perception of social support  
  Listening 72.60
  Caring 84.90
  Sick care 82.20
Individual characteristics  
  Age 57.74 (4.74)
Psychological distress  
Depressive symptomatology  
  Negative affect (0–24) 3.59 (4.68)
  Lack of positive affect (0–6) 2.01 (2.28)
N 1073
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