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Table 2 Crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of determinants adherence to HAART at South Wollo Zone hospitals, Northeast Ethiopia, 2013 (n = 440)

From: Adherence to antiretroviral therapy and its associated factors among children at South Wollo Zone Hospitals, Northeast Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Adherence status OR (95% CI)
  Adherent Non- adherent COR(95% CI) P value AOR(95% CI) P-value
Sex of the caregivers 0.145   
 Male 119 40 1    
 Female 227 54 1.4(0.88, 2.25)    
Age of the caregivers 0.16   
 <30 106 28 1    
 31-40 133 29 1.29(0.73, 4.07)    
 ≥41 102 33 0.49(0.31, 2.51)    
Educational status of the caregivers 0.022   0.031
 Can’t read and write 175 48 1   1  
 Elementary school 97 19 1.4(0.77,2.52)   1.23(0.32, 2.66)  
 Secondary or above 74 27 0.75(0.43,1.29)   0.59(0.21,0.83)*  
Substance use of the caregivers* 0.033   0.008
 Used 29 15 1   1  
 Not used 317 79 2.07(1.07,4.05)   2.21(1.34,5.39)*  
Caregivers knowledge about ART 0.004   0.023
 Knowledgeable 320 77 2.71(1.40, 5.25)   2.72(1.82, 7.13)*  
 Non knowledgeable 26 17 1   1  
Attitude of caregivers towards ART 0.030   
 Favourable 294 88 0.38( 0.28, 6.24)    
 Unfavourable 52 6 1    
Taking medication besides ART    
 Yes 26 4 1    
 No 320 90 0.54(0.52,5.37)    
Distance from the health facility 0.001   0.003
 <10Km 246 45 2.6(1.68,4.22)   2.31(1.94, 4. 63)*  
 ≥10Km 100 49 1   1  
Disclosure of HIV status 0.041   0.029
 Yes 216 28 3.9(2.39,6.4)   3.47(2.10, 6.81)*  
 No 130 66 1   1  
CD4 count at the start of treatment 0.18   
 <200 118 41 1    
 200-499 179 45 1.3(0.85, 2.25)    
 ≥500 49 8 2.12(0.93,4.87)    
Getting support       
 Yes 73 11 2.01(1.02,3.98)    
 No 273 83 1    
Current CD4 count 0.03   0.022
 <500 139 54 1   1  
 ≥500 207 40 2.01(1.27, 3.19)   1.89(1.34, 3.87)*  
  1. *p value < 0.05.