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Table 4 Demographic and clinical predictors of unemployment

From: Untying chronic pain: prevalence and societal burden of chronic pain stages in the general population - a cross-sectional survey

  Working full-or >15 h/week (Referent) Unemployed Crude OR (95% CI) p-value Adjusted OR* (95% CI) p-value
Gender N (%)     
 Female 608 (48.3) 64 (45.1) Referent 0.89 (0.62-1.29) 0.54
 Male 651 (51.7) 78 (54.9) 1.14 (0.80-1.61) 0.47 Referent
Age (years) Mean (SD) 43.44 (11.60) 43.44 (12.35) 1.00 (0.99-1.02) 0.99 0.98 (0.97-1.00) 0.94
Education N (%)     
 High school or higher 282 (22.5) 11 (7.7) Referent Referent
 Primary or secondary school 974 (77.5) 161 (92.3) 3.45 (1.84-6.47) <0.0001 3.27 (1.70-6.29) <0.0001
Pain grade N (%)     
 No pain 1024 (82.2) 94 (68.6) Referent Referent
 Non disabling pain 179 (14.4) 21 (15.3) 1.28 (0.78-2.11) 0.34 0.87 (0.5-1.5) 0.60
 Disabling pain 43 (3.5) 22 (16.1) 5.57 (3.20-9.71) <0.0001 3.30 (1.76-6.21) <0.0001
Disease load (Number of diseases with drug treatment) Mean (SD) 0.37 (0.77) 1.06 (1.44) 1.80 (1.54-2.09) <0.0001 1.70 (1.41-2.05) <0.0001
  1. *Adjusted for all other presented variables; Significant Odds ratios (OR) are marked as bold.
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