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Table 3 Societal burden of chronic pain stages without and with adjustment for age and disease load (N = 2452)

From: Untying chronic pain: prevalence and societal burden of chronic pain stages in the general population - a cross-sectional survey

Pain stages Variable Mean (Minimum- maximum) Unadjusted rate ratio (95% CI) Adjusted rate ratio (95% CI)
No pain Days of sick leave/disability 3.9 (0–365) 1.0 1.0
Non-disabling pain 6.4 (0–336) 1.6 (1.5-1.7) 1.8 (1.7-1.9)
Disabling pain 24.8 (0–365) 6.4 (6.1-6.6) 6.8 (6.5-7.1)
No pain Doctor visits 3.4 (0–50) 1.0 1.0
Non-disabling pain 8.4 (0–60) 2.5 (2.4-2.8) 1.7 (1.6-1.8)
Disabling pain 15.1 (0–70) 4.5 (4.3-4.7) 2.6 (2.4-2.7)
No pain Nights in hospital 0.6 (0–80) 1.0 1.0
Non-disabling pain 1.7 (0–72) 2.7 (2.4-2.9) 1.5 (1.3-1.6)
Disabling pain 7.4 (0–110) 11.7 (10.8-12.7) 5.0 (4.5-5.5)
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