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Table 2 Prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) among Vancouver At Home study participants

From: Setting the stage for chronic health problems: cumulative childhood adversity among homeless adults with mental illness in Vancouver, British Columbia

  N (%)
Overall score (n = 364)  
0 43 (12)
1 45 (12)
2 50 (14)
3 41 (11)
4 33 (9)
5-10 152 (42)
Mean (SD) 3.9 (2.8)
Median (range) 4 (0–10)
Child abuse  
Emotional abuse (n = 374)1 203 (54)
Physical abuse (n = 375) 186 (50)
Sexual abuse (n = 370) 104 (28)
Emotional neglect (n = 369) 168 (45)
Physical neglect (n = 371) 106 (29)
Household dysfunction  
Parental separation or divorce (n = 371) 197 (53)
Mother treated violently (n = 368) 90 (24)
Substance abuse (n = 373) 196 (53)
Mental illness (n = 370) 134 (36)
Incarceration (n = 370) 76 (20)
  1. 1Number of participants who provided a valid response to each item on the ACE.
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