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Table 3 Predictors for hypothetical reactions to higher prices among current smokers that may have an impact on reducing tobacco smoking (a)

From: How smokers may react to cigarette taxes and price increases in Brazil: data from a national survey

Individual characteristics Try to quit smoking Smoke fewer cigarettes
OR (95% CI for OR) OR (95% CI for OR)
Sex     
 Female 1   1  
 Male 0.76 (0.47-1.22) 0.71 (0.42-1.21)
Age group (years)     
 20 or more 1   1  
 14 - 19 1.54 (0.70-3.41) 3.44 (1.74-6.77)
Schooling level (years)     
 9 or more 1   1  
 Up to 9 2.04 (1.14-3.63) 2.48 (1.41-4.34)
Time to first cigarette (TTFC)     
 <30 min 1   1  
 ≥30 min 2.19 (1.28-3.73) 1.74 (1.01-3.01)
Number of cigarettes per day     
 >20 1   1  
 ≤20 1.17 (0.58-2.35) 3.36 (1.48-7.63)
Stage of change     
 Precontemplation 1   1  
 Contemplation 2.46 (1.22-4.95) 1.99 (1.06-3.75)
 Preparation 2.97 (1.35-6.54) 1.43 (0.64-3.20)
  1. (a)Multivariate logistic regression model assessing whether the demographic and smoking characteristics of interest were predictive of reported responses to hypothetical price increase. Each variable was adjusted simultaneously for all other variables shown in the table. Entries in bold are statistically significant at p < 0.05 level.
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