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Table 2 Univariable analysis for childhood and adolescent overweight

From: Influences of socioeconomic factors on childhood and adolescent overweight by gender in Korea: cross-sectional analysis of nationally representative sample

Variable Category Normal weight Overweight Total P-value*
Gender Male 3482 (74.0) 1224 (26.0) 4706 < 0.0001
  Female 3315 (86.1) 534 (13.9) 3849  
Education Elementary school 4th grade – 6th grade 1847 (73.2) 677 (26.8) 2524 < 0.0001
  Senior secondary school 4950 (82.1) 1081 (17.9) 6031  
Region Capital city (Seoul) 1125 (79.4) 292 (20.6) 1417 0.95
  Metropolitan city 2249 (79.3) 589 (20.8) 2838  
  Cities and county 3362 (79.6) 864 (20.4) 4226  
Economic status Low 1267 (78.6) 346 (21.5) 1613 0.04
  Average 3062 (80.8) 728 (19.2) 3790  
  High 2248 (78.5) 615 (21.5) 2863  
Father’s education Middle school graduated or less 330 (77.7) 95 (22.4) 425 0.54
  High school graduated 2708 (79.6) 693 (20.4) 3401  
  University graduated or more 3472 (79.9) 873 (20.1) 4345  
Mother’s education Middle school graduated or less 349 (78.8) 94 (21.2) 443 0.62
  High school graduated 3410 (79.9) 859 (20.1) 4269  
  University graduated or more 2726 (79.0) 723 (21.0) 3449  
Father employed No 244 (75.5) 79 (24.5) 323 0.07
  Yes 6378 (79.7) 1620 (20.3) 7998  
Mother employed No 2236 (79.9) 561 (20.1) 2797 0.50
  Yes 4392 (79.3) 1146 (20.7) 5538  
Parental interest in weight control Very much 2449 (69.7) 1065 (30.3) 3514 < 0.0001
  Average 2607 (82.8) 543 (17.2) 3150  
  Little 1712 (92.2) 144 (7.8) 1856  
Father’s body shape Slim 1551 (81.6) 349 (18.4) 1900 < 0.0001
  Average 3008 (80.8) 716 (19.2) 3724  
  Obese 2201 (76.6) 673 (23.4) 2874  
Mother’s body shape Slim 1450 (79.1) 384 (20.9) 1834 0.01
  Average 3057 (81.0) 719 (19.0) 3776  
  Obese 2253 (77.8) 644 (22.2) 2897  
Family structure Parents living with children 5868 (79.7) 1494 (20.3) 7362 0.11
  Single-parent family (father) 251 (81.5) 57 (18.5) 308  
  Single-parent family (mother) 335 (75.6) 108 (24.4) 443  
  Non-parent 343 (77.6) 99 (22.4) 442  
  1. *Chi-squared test.
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