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Table 1 Demographics, quality of life and social engagement scores by drinking pattern among 50+ South African men and women

From: Quality of life and social engagement of alcohol abstainers and users among older adults in South Africa

  Lifetime abstainers Mean (SE) or Proportion Low risk drinkers Mean (SE) or Proportion At risk drinkers Mean (SE) or Proportion Statistic
  Women n=1643 Men n=929 Total n=2572 Women n=100 Men N=208 Total N=308 Women n=68 Men N=99 Total n=167 Within women Within men Within totals
Age 62.1 (0.40) 61.4 (0.56) 61.9 (0.36) 59.9 (0.97) 59.2 (0.80) 59.4 (0.60) 59.3 (1.92) 59.4 (0.99) 59.4 (1.02) F=2.50, p=0.08 F=3.41, p<.05 F=6.9, p≤.001
Ethnicity             
 African/Black 73.8 70.2 72.1 72.6 65.4 66.8 64.7 83.6 75.8    
 White 7.8 10.0 8.7 14.3 12.4 13.2 11.1 7.0 8.7    
 Coloured 13.8 12.7 13.5 10.2 19.7 17.4 23.2 7.4 13.9    
 Indian/Asian 4.5 7.2 5.7 2.8 2.5 2.6 1.1 2.0 1.6 F=0.31, p=0.74 F=2.10, p=0.05 F=1.98, p=0.07
Married 36.3 80.6 53.5 45.0 73.2 65.7 42.5 73.4 60.4 F=0.85, p=0.43 F=1.33, p<0.05 F = 2.27, p=0.11
Ever schooled 77.6 77.7 77.6 57.9 83.3 76.5 73.1 75.9 74.7 F=3.62, p<0.05 F=0.87, p=0.42 F=0.16, p=0.85
Religion             
 None/other 6.5 9.9 7.8 6.6 11.5 10.2 11.9 15.6 14.0    
 Christianity 88.1 86.2 87.4 91.6 83.5 85.7 83.0 76.2 79.1    
 Islam 3.0 3.0 3.0 0 0 0 0 1.3 0.7    
 Primal indigenous 2.3 1.0 1.8 1.8 4.9 4.1 5.1 6.9 6.2 F=13.0, p<0.01 F=4.00, p≤.001 F=4.91, p≤.001
Currently working 23.4 39.0 29.5 24.1 41.9 37.2 17.4 42.0 31.5 F=0.36, p=0.70 F=0.10, p=0.90 F=0.87, p=0.42
Rural setting 35.9 32.4 34.6 29.1 34.6 33.1 47.9 21.7 32.9 F=1.16, p=0.32 F=1.52, p=0.22 F=0.05, p=0.95
Chronic illness <12 mo. 50.0 41.4 46.7 46.0 50.3 49.2 39.3 58.5 50.3 F=0.65, p=0.52 F=3.24, p<0.05 F=0.26, p=0.77
Current smoker 14.9 14.2 14.6 40.6 68.5 61.0 64.6 68.6 66.9 F=18.3, p≤.001 F=51.5, p<.001 F=80.4, p≤.001
Quality of life score 27.0 (0.26) 28.1 (0.23) 27.4 (0.21) 27.3 (0.68) 27.5 (0.77) 27.4 (0.61) 27.4 (1.04) 26.6 (0.64) 26.9 (0.58) F=0.14, p=0.87 F=2.98, p=0.05 F=0.43, p=0.65
Social engagement score 20.9 (0.28) 21.9 (0.38) 21.3 (0.25) 19.8 (0.69) 21.1 (0.52) 20.8 (0.42) 20.5 (0.94) 21.8 (0.91) 21.3 (0.69) F=1.20, p=0.30 F=0.60, p=0.55 F=0.57, p=0.56