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Table 2 Age- and survey- and multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for alcohol consumption in men and women (n = 11,282 after exclusion of ill persons at baseline)

From: Are psychosocial stressors associated with the relationship of alcohol consumption and all-cause mortality?

  Number of person-years Number of deaths Crude death rate/1,000 person-years Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Age- and survey- adjusted Multivariable- adjusted2 Multivariable- adjusted3 Multivariable- adjusted4
HR (95% CI)1 HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI)
Men (n=5,540)        
1: 0 g/d 9,596 105/850 10.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
2: > 0–39.9 g/d 33,703 262/2,833 7.8 0.68 (0.54-0.85) 0.71 (0.56-0.90) 0.73 (0.57-0.93) 0.74 (0.58, 0.94)
3: ≥ 40 g/d 23,406 250/1,857 10.7 0.99 (0.79-1.24) 0.94 (0.75-1.20) 1.11 (0.87-1.42) 1.03 (0.80, 1.32)
p-value - - - <0.0001 0.0010 <0.0001 0.0019
Women (n=5,742)        
1: 0 g/d 28,722 159/2,401 5.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
2: > 0–19.9 g/d 27,790 106/2,230 3.8 0.80 (0.62-1.02) 0.87 (0.68-1.12) 0.81 (0.61-1.07) 0.87 (0.66, 1.16)
3: ≥ 20 g/d 14,306 55/1,111 3.8 0.87 (0.64-1.18) 0.92 (0.67-1.26) 0.86 (0.60-1.22) 0.90 (0.63, 1.29)
p-value - - - 0.1886 0.5541 0.3082 0.6119
  1. 1HR hazard ratio; CI confidence interval.
  2. 2‘Lifestyle/clinical model’: Adjusted for age, survey, regular smoking, physical inactivity, obesity, actual hypertension and dyslipidemia.
  3. 3‘Psychosocial stressors model’: Adjusted for age, survey, low educational level, not employed, low social network, living alone, high job strain, low self- perceived health, depressed mood and high level of somatic complaints.
  4. 4‘Full model’: Adjusted for age, survey, regular smoking, physical inactivity, obesity, actual hypertension, dyslipidemia, low educational level, not employed, low social network, living alone, high job strain, low self- perceived health, depressed mood and high level of somatic complaints.