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Table 3 Association of individual, household and health service factors with institutional delivery

From: Factors associated with place of delivery in rural Nepal

Characteristics Home (n = 83) Institution (n = 157) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI)
Parity
  Multiparous 54 80 Ref.
  Primiparous 29 77 0.036 1.79 (1.03-3.1) 0.664 1.17 (0.58-2.36)
Literacy status (mother)
  Illiterate 37 35 Ref.
  Literate 46 122 <0.001 2.8 (1.58-4.97) 0.476 1.34 (0.6-2.98)
Literacy status (father)
  Illiterate 34 3 Ref.
  Literate 152 51 0.02 3.8 (1.12-12.91) 0.673 0.81 (0.31-2.15)
Occupation (mother)
  Agriculture/Labour 79 139 Ref.
  Business/Service 4 18 0.09 2.56 (0.84-7.82) 0.982 0.98 (0.25-3.82)
Occupation (husband)
  Agriculture/Labour 68 93 Ref.
  Business/Service 15 64 <0.001 3.12 (1.64-5.94) 0.349 1.48 (0.65-3.36)
Wealth quintile
  First quintile (Poor) 24 24 Ref.
  2 13 35 0.023 2.69 (1.15-6.31) 0.229 1.89 (0.67-5.34)
  3 15 33 0.063 2.2 (0.96-5.06) 0.936 1.04 (0.37-2.93)
  4 15 33 0.063 2.2 (0.96-5.06) 0.832 1.13 (0.37-3.43)
  Fifth quintile (least poor) 16 32 0.1 2.0 (0.88-4.56) 0.184 0.48 (0.17-1.41)
Women’s autonomy
  Low 32 48 Ref.
  Medium 32 48 1 1.0 (0.53-1.88) 0.542 0.78 (0.36-1.71)
  High 19 61 0.029 2.14 (1.08-4.23) 0.641 1.23 (0.51-3.0)
Ethnicity group
  Underprivileged 74 95 Ref.
  Privileged 9 62 <0.001 5.37 (2.5-11.5) 0.001 4.34 (1.79-10.5)
Experience of adverse pregnancy outcome
  No 56 140  
  Yes 27 17 <0.001 0.25 (0.18-0.5) 0.024 0.37 (0.16-0.88)
Time to reach institution
  > 60 minutes 26 20 Ref.
  < 60 minutes 57 137 0.001 3.12 (1.61-0.04) 0.029 2.46 (1.1-5.52)
Antenatal care visits
  < 4 times 33 16 Ref.
  ≥4 times 50 141 <0.001 5.82 (2.95-11.46) <0.001 6.67 (2.8-15.93)
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