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Table 2 Estimated overall and gender-specific dietary intakes of NL senior residents

From: A preliminary investigation into diet adequacy in senior residents of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada: a cross-sectional study

Nutrients Total   Female (n = 69) Male (n = 42) p-valuea
Mean SD Median Mean SD Mean SD
Energy (kcal) 2475.04 855.21 2352.68 2472.31 745.33 2479.51 1020.22 .01*
Protein (g) 97.38 32.52 97.97 99.63 29.82 93.70 36.60 .30
Carbohydrates (g) 317.83 117.29 303.58 323.94 105.99 307.80 134.58 .06
Dietary fibre (g) 26.02 10.36 25.33 27.27 9.94 23.97 10.82 .55
Fat (g) 93.18 40.00 88.20 90.70 35.06 97.26 47.19 .01*
Saturated (g) 29.15 13.13 26.78 28.01 11.31 31.01 15.63 .03*
Monounsaturated (g) 34.17 15.39 32.21 33.79 14.57 34.81 16.82 .19
Polyunsaturated (g) 18.62 10.16 16.43 18.12 8.86 19.43 12.076 .00*
Cholesterol (mg) 301.36 135.70 282.02 301.77 140.02 300.67 129.95 .95
Vitamin A (RAE) b 1263.06 584.49 1203.69 1351.45 579.65 1117.84 569.70 .76
Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.23 .73 2.08 2.33 .72 2.06 .728 .67
Vitamin B12 (mcg) 7.07 3.95 6.03 7.46 4.02 6.43 3.80 .58
Vitamin C (mg) 222.93 130.38 202.00 240.63 135.75 193.86 116.83 .23
Vitamin D (IU) 340.68 188.62 296.30 344.78 171.81 333.95 215.46 .26
Vitamin E (mg) 8.59 3.92 7.99 9.02 4.01 7.89 3.69 .73
Folate (DFE) c 421.75 149.25 404.52 437.79 138.30 395.41 163.99 .22
Vitamin K (mcg) 136.14 90.06 115.68 149.39 100.84 114.38 64.15 .08
Calcium (mg) 1213.03 556.99 1145.18 1237.90 503.22 1172.18 640.00 .30
Copper (mg) 1.93 .81 1.80 2.01 .79 1.79 .84 .95
Iron (mg) 16.40 6.47 16.07 16.64 5.64 16.02 7.70 .08
Magnesium (mg) 379.09 141.91 363.80 391.67 127.97 358.42 161.75 .41
Manganese (mg) 4.99 2.06 4.68 5.13 1.82 4.76 2.40 .15
Phosphorus (mg) 1843.67 725.03 1812.13 1868.23 637.85 1803.34 856.07 .11
Selenium (mcg) 124.47 74.62 105.78 124.73 64.01 124.03 90.23 .59
Sodium (mg) 3738.58 1767.73 3424.19 3728.32 1598.64 3755.44 2035.86 .04*
Zinc (mg) 12.85 4.51 12.30 13.15 4.05 12.37 5.19 .15
  1. aStatistical analysis using t-test *Significance of the difference by gender (p-value < 0.05).
  2. bRAE, retinol activity equivalents.
  3. cDFE = dietary folate equivalents, 1.0 DFE = 1.0 mcg food folate.