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Table 4 The estimated means of HRQOL between normal, overweight and obese pre-diabetes patients adjusted for age, income, number of co-morbidities and physical activity

From: The health-related quality of life among pre-diabetics and its association with body mass index and physical activity in a semi-urban community in Malaysia- a cross sectional study

SF-36 BMI Adjusted mean (SE) Between groups differences
    BMI Mdiff SE p-valuea 95% CI
PCS Normal 88.42 (2.97) Normal vs Overweight 1.70 3.37 1.000 −6.43, 9.83
  Overweight 86.72 (1.68) Normal vs Obese 9.84 3.14 0.006* 2.28, 17.40
  Obese 78.57 (0.93) Overweight vs Obese 8.14 1.93 <0.001* 3.46, 12.80
MCS Normal 85.58 (2.71) Normal vs Overweight 0.14 3.08 1.000 −7.57, 7.29
  Overweight 85.44 (1.54) Normal vs Obese 2.38 2.86 1.000 −4.53, 9.29
  Obese 83.19 (0.85) Overweight vs Obese 2.24 1.77 0.621 −2.03, 6.51
  1. Note: Data were analyzed using MANCOVA test. aMultiple comparisons using Bonferroni test. *The mean difference is significant at p<0.025 level. PCS = Physical Component Summary, MCS= Mental Component Summary, Mdiff = Mean difference and SE= Standard Error, CI= Confidence Interval.
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