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Table 3 Factors associated with having an HIV test within 12 months of the survey date among YMSM in New Zealand 2006, 2008, 2011 based on multivariate analyses (n = 2908)

From: Factors associated with recent HIV testing among younger gay and bisexual men in New Zealand, 2006-2011

  AOR (95% CI)  
Demographics   
Age (16-29 years old) (AOR for each per year increase in age) 1.06 (1.03 – 1.08) ***
Recruitment site (ref: Fair day)   
 Gay bars 1.04 (0.66 – 1.64)  
 Sex-on-site venue 1.70 (0.94 – 3.08)  
 Internet dating sites 0.73 (0.60 – 0.89) **
Identity (ref: gay)   
 Bisexual 0.70 (0.57 – 0.86) **
 Other 0.86 (0.59 – 1.24)  
Ethnicity (ref: European/Pākehāa)   
 Māori 0.88 (0.68 -1.15)  
 Pacific Islander 0.61 (0.40 – 0.92) *
 Asian 0.71 (0.54 – 0.94) *
 Other 1.15 (0.81 – 1.62)  
Time spent with other gay men (ref: a little or none)   
 Some time or a lot of time 1.44 (1.20 – 1.73) ***
Sexual behavior in the last 6 months   
Number of men sex partners (ref: one partner)   
 None 0.67 (0.45 – 1.01)  
 2-5 1.73 (1.32 – 2.27) ***
 6-10 1.82 (1.31 – 2.55) ***
 11-20 3.13 (2.14 – 4.60) ***
 >20 2.30 (1.56 – 3.40) ***
Current regular partner, relationship length (ref: <6 months)   
 No current regular partner 0.55 (0.42 – 0.71) ***
 6 months – 1 year 1.69 (1.19 – 2.41) **
 >1 – 2 years 0.88 (0.63 – 1.22)  
 3 or more years 0.50 (0.35 – 0.71) ***
Current regular partner, anal modality (ref: both receptive and insertive)   
 Receptive only 0.76 (0.56 – 1.03)  
 Insertive only 0.61 (0.44 – 0.85) **
 No current regular partner 0.55 (0.42 – 0.71) ***
Casual partner, condom use (ref: low condom useb)   
 No casual partners 1.03 (0.69 – 1.53)  
 Casual partners, but no anal intercourse 1.05 (0.71 – 1.55)  
 Medium condom usec 1.16 (0.78 – 1.74)  
 High condom used 1.51 (1.08 – 2.10) *
Knowledge and attitudes   
Knew “HIV cannot pass through an undamaged latex condom” (ref: did not know or was unsure) 1.35 (1.12 – 1.62) **
Disagreed “HIV/AIDS is a less serious threat than it used to be because of new treatments” (ref: agreed) 1.27 (1.03 – 1.57) *
Disagreed “A man who knows he has HIV would tell me he was positive before we had sex” (ref: agreed) 1.28 (1.09 – 1.51) **
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio with 95%; CI, confidence interval; Ref reference group. Observations with missing data on any variable excluded. Bolded text indicates statistical significance at p<0.05.
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  3. aPākehā = indigenous Māori term for European settlers/ethnicity. b“low” condom use refers to very rarely or never using condoms; c“medium” condom use refers to using condoms about half the time; d“high” condom use refers to always or almost always using condoms.