Skip to main content

Table 2 Association between green space area (m 2 ) and neighbourhood socioeconomic circumstances, adjusting for city and population density: Negative binomial regression with robust standard errors, using total neighbourhood area (m 2 ) as an offset

From: Do low-income neighbourhoods have the least green space? A cross-sectional study of Australia’s most populous cities

  Model 1 Model 2
Incidence rate ratio (95% Confidence interval)
City (ref: Sydney)   
  Melbourne 0.73 (0.67, 0.80)*** 0.75 (0.68, 0.81)***
  Brisbane 0.84 (0.77, 0.93)*** 0.85 (0.77, 0.93)***
  Perth 0.94 (0.86, 1.04) 0.96 (0.87, 1.05)
  Adelaide 0.73 (0.63, 0.84)*** 0.75 (0.66, 0.87)***
Population density (logged) 0.87 (0.84, 0.89)*** 0.87 (0.85, 0.89)***
Percentage low income householdsa (ref: 0%)   
  1 – 4%   0.97 (0.92, 1.02)
  5 – 9%   0.88 (0.84, 0.94)***
  10 – 19%   0.80 (0.75, 0.85)***
  20%+   0.82 (0.75, 0.89)***
  1. alow income household is defined as having a household income < $21,000 in the 2011 Australian census.
  2. *** p < 0.001; ** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05.