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Table 3 Multivariate-adjusted associations of very short, short, and long sleep with overweight/obesity

From: Associations between inadequate sleep and obesity in the US adult population: analysis of the national health interview survey (1977–2009)

  Overweight Obesity
  Very short sleep Short sleep Long sleep Very short sleep Short sleep Long sleep
Year OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
1983 1.37 (0.93, 2.02) 1.36 (1.19, 1.54)* 1.02 (0.85, 1.23) 1.34 (0.82, 2.20) 1.38 (1.15, 1.65)* 1.01 (0.78, 1.31)
1985 1.29 (0.96, 1.75) 1.18 (1.09, 1.28)* 0.98 (0.86, 1.10) 1.81 (1.29, 2.54)* 1.54 (1.38, 1.73)* 1.08 (0.92, 1.27)
1990 0.89 (0.69, 1.16) 1.31 (1.22, 1.41)* 1.09 (0.97, 1.22) 1.43 (1.07, 1.91)* 1.50 (1.37, 1.65)* 1.04 (0.90, 1.21)
2004 1.38 (1.02, 1.85)* 1.35 (1.15, 1.58)* 1.11 (0.94, 1.32) 1.92 (1.43, 2.57)* 1.88 (1.59, 2.21)* 1.26 (1.05, 1.51)
2005 1.26 (0.92, 1.73) 1.05 (0.93, 1.17) 1.06 (0.87, 1.30) 2.10 (1.54, 2.86)* 1.48 (1.31, 1.68)* 1.19 (0.96, 1.47)
2006 1.26 (0.92, 1.73) 1.05 (0.93, 1.17) 1.05 (0.86, 1.29) 1.06 (0.87, 1.30) 1.48 (1.31, 1.68)* 1.19 (0.96, 1.47)
2007 1.47 (1.05, 2.05)* 1.18 (1.06, 1.32)* 1.06 (0.87, 1.30) 1.71 (1.21, 2.42)* 1.40 (1.24, 1.58)* 1.21 (0.98, 1.49)
2008 1.27 (0.90, 1.80) 1.24 (1.11, 1.39)* 0.87 (0.72, 1.06) 1.53 (1.08, 2.18)* 1.38 (1.23, 1.55)* 0.99 (0.81, 1.21)
2009 1.33 (0.97, 1.82) 1.20 (1.09, 1.34)* 1.01 (0.84, 1.22) 1.64 (1.18, 2.30)* 1.55 (1.39, 1.73)* 1.18 (0.97, 1.42)
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio.
  2. *P < 0.05.
  3. Covariate adjusted in the model included: age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, marital status, family income, poverty status, history of smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, emotional stress, history of diabetes, history of hypertension, history of stroke, and coronary heart disease/myocardial infarction.