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Table 4 Multivariate Logistic regression analysis of the association between the variables studied and empirical TB treatment for PLHIV complaining of cough, Recife, 2010

From: Empirical treatment for TB in HIV: lessons from a cohort study of people living with HIV treated in Recife, Brazil

  Odds ratio (IC 95%) p
CD4 cell count (time varying)   
≥ 200 cel/mm3 1.0  
< 200 cel/mm3 3.0 (1.8 – 4.8) 0.000
Anemia   
No 1.0  
Yes 3.4 (2.1 – 5.5) 0.000
Loss of weight reported at baseline   
No 1.0  
Yes 1.9 (1.2 – 3.0) 0.008
Opportunistic disease reported at baseline   
No 1.0  
Yes 2.0 (1.2 – 3.4) 0.005
History of previous TB treatment   
No 1.0  
Yes 2.3 (1.4 – 3.8) 0.002
Chest X-ray   
Normal 1.0  
Abnormal 2.0 (1.1 – 3.5) 0.016
No performed 0.72 (0.4 – 1.3) 0.253
Sputum smear ABF or M. tuberculosis culture during follow-up   
No 1.0  
Negative 2.4 (1.5 - 3.8) 0.000