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Table 3 Multivariate Cox regression analysis of the association between the variables studied and death of PLHIV complaining of cough, Recife, 2010

From: Empirical treatment for TB in HIV: lessons from a cohort study of people living with HIV treated in Recife, Brazil

  N (%) HR (CI 95%) Pvalue
Alcohol consumption    
Abstainer 497 (63.3) 1.0  
Light drinker 189 (24.1) 0.4 (0.2 - 0.9) 0.049
Heavy drinker 99 (12.6) 1.0 (0.5 - 1.9) 0.907
Anemia    
No 402 (54.6) 1.0  
Yes 334 (45.4) 2.8 (1.5 - 5.3) 0.001
CD4 cell count (time varying)    
≥ 200 --- 1.0  
< 200   5.1 (3.1 – 8.6) 0.000
Chest X-ray    
Normal 364 (45.5) 1.0  
Abnormal 154 (19.3) 1.9 (1.1 – 3.3) 0.001
Not performed 282 (35.3) 1.5 (0.8 – 2.7) 0.146
Empirical TB treatment during follow-up    
No 629 (78.6) 1.0  
Yes 171 (21.4) 3.7 (2.2 – 6.3) 0.000
  1. Phtest (p = 0.7073).