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Table 2 Factors associated with the mother’s attitude towards physical activities – univariate analysis – (n = 115)

From: Mothers impose physical activity restrictions on their asthmatic children and adolescents: an analytical cross-sectional study

  Mother’s attitude  
  Restricts Does not restrict OR (95% CI) p
  n n   
  43 (37%) 72 (63%)   
Does your child wheeze and/or have asthma when at play or taking part in sports?     
Yes 35 (81%) 41 (57) 3.3 0.01
    1.3-8.1  
VAS* score after exercise     
< 5 cm 22 (51%) 53 (74%) 0.4 0.02
≥ 5 cm 21(49%) 19(26%) 0.2-0.8  
Is doing exercise important for children?     
Yes 42 (98%) 69 (96%) 1.8 >0.99
    0.2-18.1  
Are you afraid that your child will fall ill if he/she does exercise?     
Yes 32 (74%) 24 (33%) 5.8 < 0.001
    2.5–13.7  
Is physical exercise dangerous for children with asthma?     
Yes 23 (53%) 19(26%) 2.6 0.02
    1.2–5.8  
Anxiety: HADS ¥     
> 9 25 (58%) 26 (36%) 2.5 0.03
≤ 9 18 (42%) 46 (68%) 1.1–5.3  
Depression – HADS ¥     
> 9 13 (30%) 13 (18%) 2.0 0.2
≤ 9 30 (70%) 59 (82%) 0.8-4.8  
Asthma severity     
Intermittent and mild persistent 19 (44%) 51 (71%) 0.3 0.008
Moderate and severe 24 (56%) 21 (29%) 0.1–0.7  
EIB £     
Yes 25 (58%) 27 (38%) 2.3 0.05
    1.1–5.0  
  1. *VAS – visual analog scale; ¥HADS – hospital anxiety and depression scale; £EIB – exercise-induced bronchospasm.