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Table 2 Final model of material and relational pathways between parental separation and adult psychological distress by gender

From: Parental separation and adult psychological distress: an investigation of material and relational mechanisms

   Men Women
Path Association β P value β P value
a Parental separation → psychological distress 0.059 0.002 0.036 0.014
b Parental separation → adolescent material advantage −0.295 <0.001 −0.298 <0.001
c Parental separation → educational attainment −0.071 0.001 −0.087 <0.001
d Adolescent material advantage → educational attainment 0.245 <0.001 0.227 <0.001
e Educational attainment → psychological distress −0.116 <0.001 −0.113 <0.001
f Educational attainment → housing tenure (own/mortgage) Ref   Ref  
  Educational attainment → housing tenure (social housing) −0.230 <0.001 −0.304 <0.001
  Educational attainment → housing tenure (private renting) 0.050 0.036 0.023 0.489
  Educational attainment → housing tenure (other) −0.031 0.248 0.008 0.699
g Housing tenure (own/mortgage) → psychological distress Ref   Ref  
  Housing tenure (social housing) → psychological distress 0.077 <0.001 0.077 <0.001
  Housing tenure (private renting) → psychological distress 0.053 0.001 0.034 0.019
  Housing tenure (other) → psychological distress 0.033 0.037 0.025 0.086
h Adolescent material advantage → poor parent–child rel. qual. −0.065 0.002 −0.085 <0.001
i Poor parent–child relationship quality → educational attainment    −0.067 <0.001
j Poor parent–child relationship quality → psychological distress 0.063 0.008 0.093 <0.001
k Educational attainment → Partnership status (married) Ref   a  
  Educational attainment → partnership status (cohabiting) 0.008 0.863   
  Educational attainment → partnership status (remarried) −0.002 0.983   
  Educational attainment → partnership status (single) −0.077 0.003   
  Educational attainment → partnership status (div/sep) −0.050 0.118   
l Partnership status (married) → psychological distress Ref   a  
  Partnership status (cohabiting) → psychological distress −0.013 0.732   
  Partnership status (remarried) → psychological distress 0.052 0.933   
  Partnership status (single) → psychological distress 0.035 0.012   
  Partnership status (div/sep) → psychological distress −0.007 0.781   
Total effect   0.063 (100%)   0.115 (100%)  
Direct effect   0.042 (66.7%)   0.046 (39.1%)  
Indirect effect   0.021 (33.3%)   0.069 (60.0%)  
  1. Model fit statistics: Men: CFI = 0.811, TLI = 0.730, RMSEA = 0.011. Women: CFI = 0.909, TLI = 0.803, RMSEA = 0.045.
  2. R2 for psychological distress, men = 0.044; women = 0.039.
  3. aPathways removed in final model due to statistical insignificance.