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Table 2 Comparison of perceptions of work- and health-related factors

From: A comparison of risk and protective factors related to suicide ideation among residents and specialists in academic medicine

   Residents   Specialists   
   Mean SD Mean SD p†
Work related Necessary to demonstrate competence 3.27 1.10 2.90 1.19 <.001
missing data 4   18   
Leadership 2.91 1.01 2.94 1.10 .764
missing data 6   25   
Organizational culture 3.15 .84 3.18 .84 .711
missing data 5   24   
Control at work 2.44 .76 2.87 .85 <.001
missing data 9   30   
Have been subjected to harassment No. (%) No. (%)  
Yes 25 11.0 112 14.4 .184
No 203 89.0 666 85.6  
missing data 6   35   
Regular meetings to discuss demanding experiences No. (%) No. (%)  
Yes 103 45.0 296 37.4 .087
It happens from time to time, but nothing formal 77 33.6 322 40.7  
No 49 21.4 173 21.9  
Missing data 5   22   
Health behaviour Sickness presenteeism 2.75 1.20 3.08 1.18 <.001
missing data 6   27   
Psychological distress Disengagement at work 2.18 .50 2.22 .49 .253
missing data 4   17   
Exhaustion 2.60 .53 2.59 .55 .694
missing data 4   17   
  1. Values are mean and SD.
  2. p-values of differences in mean measured by independent samples t-tests and χ2 -test.