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Table 2 HIV prevention knowledge

From: Knowledge of HIV and factors associated with attitudes towards HIV among final-year medical students at Hanoi medical university in Vietnam

Variable (N = 200) N(%)
HIV can be prevented by  
 Condom use during sexual intercourse 189 (94.5)
 Do not use shared syringes 198 (99.0)
 Safe blood transfusion 199 (99.5)
No HIV vaccine available for prevention 164 (82.0)
Circumstances of occupational exposure  
 Blood/body secretions onto scratches/wounds 189 (94.5)
 Skin puncture by needles 199 (99.5)
How should occupational HIV exposure be handled  
 On-the-spot treatment of the injury 173 (86.5)
 Assess HIV exposure risk 156 (78.0)
 Determine HIV status of the source person 158 (79.0)
 Test for HIV 03–06 months after exposure 192 (96.0)
 ARV treatment for the exposed person 166 (83.0)
Have ever heard about HIV harm reduction programs 122 (61.0)
The role of Voluntarily Counseling and Testing  
 Provide HIV test results 92 (46.0)
 Help PLHIV better understand available services 102 (51.0)
 Reduce and mitigate discrimination 75 (37.5)
 Reduce risk behaviors for people testing negative for HIV 81 (40.5)
 Reduce risk of transmissible behavior of PLHIV 107 (53.5)
 Provide psychological support for PLHIV 102 (51.0)
 Provide support in the disclosure of HIV status 48 (24.0)
 Enhance treatment adherence 81 (40.5)
When is post-exposure ARV treatment is effective  
 As soon as possible if the source person is known to have HIV 178 (89.0)