Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive statistics on demographic factors and stigma scales for stigma-increased and stigma-decreased groups (n = 1,058)

From: Characteristics linked to the reduction of stigma towards schizophrenia: a pre-and-post study of parents of adolescents attending an educational program

  ‘Stigma-increased’ group (n = 550) ‘Stigma-decreased’ group (n = 508)  
  N % n % P
Demographic factors      
Age (years) (Mean ± S.D.) 46.4 ± 4.5 45.9 ± 4.5 0.179a
Gender      0.804b
  Male 303 55.1 276 54.3  
  Female 247 44.9 232 45.7  
Children’s status      0.568b
  Junior school students 274 49.8 262 51.6  
  Senior high school students 276 50.2 246 48.4  
Education      0.227b
  Junior and senior high school 140 25.5 154 30.3  
  Vocational school 70 12.7 69 13.6  
  Junior college 80 14.5 74 14.6  
  University and graduate school 260 47.3 211 41.5  
Current residence      0.242b
  Hokkaido/Tohoku 59 10.7 59 11.6  
  Kanto/Shin-etsu/Hokuriku 248 45.1 204 40.1  
  Tokai/Kinki 180 32.7 169 33.3  
  Chugoku/Shikoku/Kyushu/Okinawa 63 11.5 76 15.0  
Married      0.564b
  Yes 527 95.8 483 95.1  
  No 23 4.2 25 4.9  
Family structure      0.084b
  Nuclear family 439 79.8 383 75.4  
  Other 111 20.2 125 24.6  
Employment status      0.212b
  Full-time 288 52.4 273 53.7  
  Part-time 76 13.8 85 16.7  
  Other 186 33.8 150 29.6  
Occupation      0.014*b
  Production labor service (Mining/Construction/Manufacturing/energy industry) 137 24.9 106 20.9  
  Transportation and communication 23 4.2 36 7.1  
  Sales and marketing (Wholesale and retail/Finance and insurance/Real estate) 77 14.0 68 13.4  
  Service industry (Catering and lodging, etc.) 58 10.6 64 12.6  
  Professional (Medical and welfare/Education industry/Public officer) 93 16.9 104 20.5  
  Homemaker 115 20.9 108 21.2  
  Other 47 8.5 22 4.3  
Family income per year (US dollars)      0.733b
  <11,000 8 1.5 9 1.8  
  11,000-32,000 48 8.7 35 6.9  
  32,000-53,000 98 17.8 84 16.5  
  53,000-110,000 296 53.8 289 56.9  
  ≥110,000 100 18.2 91 17.9  
Proximity to person with schizophrenia      0.564b
  Yes 21 3.8 23 4.5  
  No 529 96.2 485 95.5  
Participation in welfare activities for people with mental illness    0.463b
  Yes 49 8.9 52 10.2  
  No 501 91.1 456 89.8  
Factors obtained before watching the program     
Examination of basic knowledge (Mean ± S.D.) 10.8 ± 1.3 10.8 ± 1.2 0.914a
Pre-program Link’s Devaluation-Discrimination Scale (Mean ± S.D.) 30.6 ± 4.2 35.8 ± 4.7 <0.001*a
Examination of ability to distinguish schizophrenia from other disorders (Mean ± S.D.) 12.0 ± 2.8 12.2 ± 2.9 0.357a
Social distance scale (Mean ± S.D.) 12.0 ± 4.5 12.5 ± 4.3 0.052a
  1. aMann–Whitney U test.
  2. bPearson’s chi-squared test.
  3. *Two-tailed significance with P-values < 0.05.