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Table 1 Distribution of psychological distress, psychosocial work environment factors, socioeconomic position and type of work in the three workplace gender compositions (percent)

From: Workplace gender composition and psychological distress: the importance of the psychosocial work environment

Gender composition (age 42) More men Mixed More women Full sample p-values for differences between strata
  all w m all w m all w m all w m all w m
N 363 65 298 157 78 79 275 232 43 795 375 420    
Psychological distress age 42 25 28 25 42 55* 28* 36 36 37 32 39* 27* <0.001 0.002 0.22
Psychological distress age 21 25 27 24 24 35* 13* 29 28 33 26 30 23 0.37 0.45 0.03
Change psychological distress between age 21 & 42 (pp) 0† 1 1† 18† 20 15 7† 8† 4 6† 9† 4†    
High demands 30 25 31 32 31 34 30 30 30 30 29 31 0.53 0.69 0.85
Low control 30 33 30 29 36* 21* 32 32 29 31 33 28 0.81 0.80 0.30
Low support 27 21 28 34 28 40 28 27 33 29 26 31 0.24 0.53 0.13
Not important work 24 28 23 26 32 19 14 13 19 21 20 22 0.002 <0.001 0.64
Looked down upon 21 30* 19* 25 26 24 20 20 19 21 23 20 0.45 0.19 0.56
Socioeconomic position              <0.001 0.01 <0.001
Upper-white collar 46 55* 44* 67 64 70 53 50* 72* 53 54* 52*    
Lower-white collar 12 28* 8* 18 18 19 17 17* 14* 15 19* 11*    
Blue-collar 42 17* 48* 15 18 11 30 33* 14* 32 27* 37*    
Type of work              <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Working with people 19 25* 18* 26 21 32 70 73 56 38 54* 24*    
Working with data 36 55* 32* 61 64 58 22 20 35 37 35* 38*    
Working with things 45 20* 50* 13 15 10 7 7 9 25 11* 38*    
  1. *Significant differences between women and men within each gender composition (p < 0.05).
  2. †Significant differences in psychological distress between ages 21 and 42 within each gender compositions (p < 0.05).