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Table 2 Factors facilitating vaccination by coverage area: 10 departments of Guatemala, May 2011

From: From the parents’ perspective: a user-satisfaction survey of immunization services in Guatemala

Factors facilitating vaccination (% of respondents agreeing with statement) Total (n = 1194) no. (%) Department type
   Low-coverage (n = 632) no. (%) High-coverage (n = 562) no. (%) Chi-square (p value)a
Structural     
  The cost of vaccines is NOT a disadvantage 1161 (97.2) 612 (96.8) 548 (97.5) 0.485
  There is a place nearby where I can vaccinate my child 987 (82.7) 518 (82.0) 469 (83.5) 0.497
Parental attitudes     
  Vaccination is “very important” 1005 (84.2) 569 (90.0) 436 (77.6) <0.001
  Vaccination is “important” or “very important” 1191 (99.8) 630 (99.7) 561 (99.8) 0.663
  Vaccination is “very necessary”b 1138 (95.3) 606 (95.9) 532 (94.7) 0.318
  Vaccines protect against diseasesb 1152 (96.5) 612 (96.9) 540 (96.0) 0.483
Parental practice     
  All my children have vaccination cards (n = 1593)c 1532 (96.2) 831 (95.8) 701 (96.7) 0.324
  I am aware that health centers offer immunization services 1133 (94.9) 599 (94.8) 534 (95.0) 0.851
  I decide to vaccinate my child when a healthcare professional tells me to do so 692 (58.0) 400 (63.3) 292 (51.9) <0.001
  I decide to vaccinate my child when he or she is sick 145 (12.1) 60 (9.5) 85 (15.1) 0.003
Quality of service     
  I typically wait <1 hour to vaccinate my childd 687 (58.2) 331 (52.9) 356 (64.1) <0.001
  I have ALWAYS been able to vaccinate my child at a health center 1015 (85.0) 530 (83.9) 485 (86.3) 0.239
  Service is “good ” or “very good”d 831 (70.4) 425 (67.9) 406 (73.2) 0.048
  Service is “average”d 302 (25.6) 172 (27.5) 130 (23.4) 0.111
  1. aChi-square tests were performed to compare characteristics in high- and low-coverage areas. Statistically significant values (p < 0.05) are bolded.
  2. bTotals include respondents who agreed or strongly agreed with statement; respondents who disagreed or somewhat agreed are excluded.
  3. cTotals include all children studied (n = 1593). Percentages are based on number of children in low- and high-coverage areas (868 and 725, respectively).
  4. dThirteen participants did not respond and were excluded. Percentages are based on the number of participants in low- and high-coverage areas (626 and 555, respectively).