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Table 4 Symptoms of common mental health problems according to ICD-10 criteria and the frequency of high symptom scores based on cut-off, by sex and age

From: How often do German children and adolescents show signs of common mental health problems? Results from different methodological approaches – a cross-sectional study

  ICD-10 criteria [95% CI] Questionnaire cut-off [95% CI]
Male Female Male Female
7-10 parent-report   
     Depressive episode 4.3 [2.4-6.2] 5.2 [2.7-7.8] 11.3 [8.3-14.3] 9.9 [6.7-13.2]
     Generalized anxiety 3.6 [1.9-5.3] 4.1 [2.3-5.9] 12.5 [9.4-15.5]* 17.1 [13.2-20.9]
     Conduct disorder 21.9 [17.8-26.1]* 12.2 [8.4-15.9] 16.0 [12.4-19.6] 14.9 [11.1-18.7]
11-17 parent-report   
     Depressive episode 8.2 [6.1-10.3] 9.7 [7.2-12.1] 10.7 [8.2-13.3] 11.5 [8.9-14.2]
     Generalized anxiety 7.6 [5.4-9.8] 5.4 [3.6-7.1] 8.7 [6.4-10.9] 11.3 [8.7-13.9]
     Conduct disorder 17.3 [14.0-20.7]* 10.7 [7.9-13.5] 15.0 [11.9-18.2] 13.1 [10.2-16.0]
11-17 self-report   
     Depressive episode 15.3 [12.4-18.2] 15.0 [12.1-17.8] 12.3 [9.6-15.0]* 21.2 [18.0-24.4]
     Generalized anxiety 7.2 [5.1-9.4]* 14.7 [11.9-17.4] 11.8 [9.2-14.5]* 18.9 [16.0-22.0]
  1. For depression ICD-10 criteria according to mild depressive episode are shown. *P < 0.05.