Skip to main content

Table 3 ICD-10 criteria for conduct disorder and associated questionnaire items

From: How often do German children and adolescents show signs of common mental health problems? Results from different methodological approaches – a cross-sectional study

ICD-10-criteria conduct disorder F91 Item (abbreviated) “During the last 6 month my child…:”
(1) Unusually frequent or severe temper tantrums for the child's developmental level. (1) “…screamed a lot“.
“…had temper tantrums or hot temper“.
“…During the last month my child had temper“.
tantrums or acted unpredictable“.
(2) Often argues with adults. (2) “…argues a lot“.
(3) Often actively defies or refuses adults' requests or rules. (3) “…is disobedient at home“.
“…is disobedient at school“.
(4) Often, apparently deliberately, does things that annoy other people. (4) “…doesn`t seem to feel guilty after misbehaving“.
(5) Often blames others for one's own mistakes or misbehavior. (5) “…doesn´t feel guilty after misbehaving”.
(6) Often touchy or easily annoyed by others. (6) “…got in many fights“.
“… attacked people“.
“… was stubborn, sullen, or irritable“.
“… was irritable and impulsive“.
(7) Often angry or resentful. (7) “…screamed a lot“.
“… was stubborn, sullen, or irritable“.
(8) Often spiteful or vindictive. (8) “…showed cruelty, bullying, or meanness to others“.
“…destroyed things belonging to his/her family or others“.
“…teases a lot“.
“…showed vandalism“.
(9) Frequent and marked lying (except to avoid abusive treatment). (9) “…lied or cheated“.
(10) Excessive fighting with other children, with frequent initiation of fights (not including fights with siblings). (10) “…got in many fights“.
(11) Uses a weapon that can cause serious physical harm to others (e.g. a bat, brick, broken bottle, knife, gun).  
(12) Often stays out after dark without permission (beginning before 13 years of age).  
(13) Physical cruelty to other people (e.g. ties up, cuts or burns a victim). (13) “…showed cruelty, bullying, or meanness to others.“
“…my child attacked people“
“…threatened people.“
(14) Physical cruelty to animals.  
(15) Deliberate destruction of others' property (other than by fire-setting). (15) “…destroyed things belonging to his/her family or others.“
“…showed vandalism.“
(16) Deliberate fire-setting with a risk or intention of causing serious damage. (16) “…set fires.“
(17) At least two episodes of stealing of objects of value (e.g. money) from home (excluding taking of food). (17) “…stole at home.“
(18) At least two episodes of stealing outside the home without confrontation with the victim (e.g. shoplifting, burglary or forgery). (18) “…stole outside the home.“
(19) Frequent truancy from school beginning before 13 years of age. (19) “…truancy, skips school“
(20) Running away from home (unless this was to avoid physical or sexual abuse). (20) “…ran away from home.“
(21) Any episode of crime involving confrontation with a victim (including purse snatching, extortion, mugging). (21) “…showed cruelty, bullying, or meanness to others.“
“…child attacked people“
“…stole outside the home.“
“…threatened people.“
(22) Forcing another person into sexual activity against their wishes. (22) “…showed cruelty, bullying, or meanness to others“.
“…attacked people“.
“…threatened people“.
(23) Frequent bullying of others (i.e. deliberate infliction of pain or hurt including persistent intimidation, tormenting, or molestation). (23) “…showed cruelty, bullying, or meanness to others“.
“…attacked people“.
“…threatened people“.
(24) Breaks into someone else's house, building or car (24) “…stole outside the home“.
Does not meet the criteria for dissocial personality disorder (F60.2), schizophrenia (F20.-), mania (F30.-), depression (F32.-), pervasive developmental disorder (F84.-), or hyperkinetic disorder (F90.-). (If criteria for emotional disorder (F93) are met, diagnose "mixed" disorder of conduct and emotions F92). “My child does not have any mental health problem”.