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Table 5 Translating Mongolian NCD KAP findings into public health practice

From: Tobacco smoking in Mongolia: findings of a national knowledge, attitudes and practices study

At-risk population Findings from KAP study Suggestions for public health practice
Mongolian men High prevalence of smoking; riskier attitudes towards smoking i.e. allowing smoking indoors; and less inclined to acknowledge the necessity of smoke-free working environments. Increase and improve taxation on cigarettes and other tobacco products [1416].
Reinforce restrictions on the advertisement of tobacco products.
Increase picture health warnings on cigarette packs [14, 17].
Use gender-sensitive prevention and harm reduction techniques such as counter-advertisement [18].
Prohibit smoking in all public spaces and office spaces [19].
Increase provision of smoking cessation counselling by healthcare providers.
Increase access to free smoking cessation programs, for example quit lines [20].
Urban Mongolians Higher prevalence of smoking. Same measures as for Mongolian men.
Mongolian youth High prevalence of smoking compared to other countries; less awareness about the health harms associated with smoking. Increase the level of early education on the harms of tobacco smoking [21].
Reinforce restrictions on the advertisement of tobacco products [22].
Prohibit the sale of tobacco on store shelves and the sale of non-tobacco products as tobacco products.
   Reinforce the ban on selling tobacco to youth under 16 at point of sales.