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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of cases (N = 26) and controls (N = 26)*

From: Evaluating the effectiveness of a training program that builds teachers’ capability to identify and appropriately refer middle and high school students with mental health problems in Brazil: an exploratory study

Demographics Cases** Controls*** p**** Total
N (%) N (%)   N (%)
Gender        
  Male 21 (80.8) 21 (80.8) 1.000 42 (80.8)
  Female 5 (19.2) 5 (19.2)   10 (19.2)
Age (years)        
  11 1 (3.8) 1 (3.8) 0.413 2 (3.8)
  12 6 (23.1) 6 (23.1)   12 (23.1)
  13 6 (23.1) 10 (38.5)   16 (30.8)
  14 6 (23.1) 2 (7.7)   8 (15.4)
  15 5 (19.2) 6 (23.1)   11 (21.2)
  16 2 (7.7) 0 (0.0)   2 (3.8)
  17 0 (0.0) 1 (3.8)   1 (1.9)
School grade        
  5-7 17 (65.4) 17 (65.4) 1.000 34 (65.4)
  8 4 (15.4) 4 (15.4)   8 (15.4)
  High school 5 (19.2) 5 (19.2)   10 (19.2)
  1. *Cases and controls were matched by age, gender and grade.
  2. **Cases = Students identified by teachers as possibly having mental health problems (included in hypothetical referral lists before training).
  3. ***Controls = Students not included in teachers’ hypothetical referral lists.
  4. ****Chi-square test.