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Table 3 Interventions classified according to type of intervention, setting and target population

From: Social and health policies or interventions to tackle health inequalities in European cities: a scoping review

Type of intervention Setting Target population
Adult Children Adult & Children
Promote healthy behaviours City Physical and cognitive training programme   Health check tests and a poster campaign
Different activities to promote healthy eating
Neighbourhood or area A weight management programme Reduce teenage pregnancy Introduction of health brokers to promote health
Physical exercise program Dietary health education program
Intensive home-visiting program
Healthcare or social center A web-based intervention to support self-management in patients with coronary heart disease Oral health promotion program Interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV
Assessing CVD risk in pharmacies   Introduction of asthma specialist nurses
Preventive care of patients with high CV risk
Individual asthma education programme
Cultural approach to CV risk prevention program
Behavioural counselling on fruit and vegetables consumption
Health shop in community centre
Cognitive Behaviour Theraphy for smokers
School   Teacher-supervised toothbrushing Oral health promotion program
Community group Intervention for diabetes support and education   
Health education and physical exercise programme
Promote healthy settings City   Domestic water fluoridation  
Neighbourhood or area   Receiving pasteurised cows’ milk by 6 months of age Free smoke alarms and fire safety information
Improved physical access to high-quality ‘healthy’ foods
Installation of central heating
Healthcare or social center    
School   Road safety program  
Free healthy school meals
Playground redesign intervention
Community group Impact of English smoke-free legislation   
Socioeconomic context City Food services and insertion for the homeless   Primary care reform
Transport strategy
Neighbourhood or area    Early Years Centers provide high quality day care
Healthcare or social center    
School    Providing daycare facilities for young children
Community group    
Physical context City   Traffic calming Urban regeneration programs
Interventions to improve housing
Neighbourhood or area    Neighbourhood renewal
Healthcare or social center    
School    
Community group    
Combined approach City    Healthy cities
Strategies to reduce health inequalities
Neighbourhood or area    Family Support Services
Social and health maternal and child intervention
Healthcare or social center    Postnatal Support Health Visitor
School   Environmental and educational intervention  
Community group Race equality policies   
Social care and health follow-up programme targeting homeless tuberculosis patients
  1. CVD: Cardiovascular diseases.
  2. CV: Cardiovascular.
  3. HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus.