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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of the 54 papers obtained classified by type of intervention

From: Social and health policies or interventions to tackle health inequalities in European cities: a scoping review

  Type of intervention Total
  Promote healthy behaviours Promote healthy settings Socio-economic context Physical context Combined approach N %
(N = 24 - 44.5%) (N = 10 – 18.5%) (N = 6 – 11.1%) (N = 4 – 7.4%) (N = 10 – 18.5%)
Study design        
Experimental 11 3 2 0 3 19 35.2
Quasi-experimental 5 5 0 1 2 13 24.1
Observational 5 1 2 1 0 9 16.7
Qualitative 1 1 0 0 3 5 9.2
Review 1 0 0 2 2 5 9.2
Health impact assessment 0 0 2 0 0 2 3.7
Mixed methods 1 0 0 0 0 1 1.9
Country        
United Kingdom 19 9 4 4 4 40 74.1
Spain 0 0 2 0 3 5 9.2
Netherlands 4 0 0 0 0 4 7.4
Germany 0 0 0 0 2 2 3.7
France 1 0 0 0 0 1 1.9
Different European countries 0 1 0 0 1 2 3.7
Setting        
City 3 2 4 3 3 15 27.8
Neighbourhood 6 3 1 1 2 13 24.1
Healthcare center 11 0 0 0 1 12 22.2
School 2 4 1 0 2 9 16.7
Community group 2 1 0 0 2 5 9.2
Target population        
Adults 14 1 1 0 2 18 33.3
Children 4 6 0 1 2 13 24.1
Adults and Children 6 3 5 3 6 23 42.6
Focus        
Universal 10 6 3 3 5 27 50.0
Selective 14 4 3 1 5 27 50.0
Evaluation of the intervention        
Yes, positive result 13 6 3 1 6 29 53.7
Yes, negative result 5 1 0 0 2 8 14.8
Yes, positive and negative results 2 1 1 3 0 7 13.0
Yes, missing result 0 2 0 0 0 2 3.7
No 1 0 1 0 0 2 3.7
Missing 3 0 1 0 2 6 11.1
Year of publication        
20062011 14 6 2 0 4 26 48.2
20012005 7 1 4 4 4 20 37.0
1995-2000 3 3 0 0 2 8 14.8