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Table 3 Associations between depression and indicators of glycemic control among Mexican Americans with diabetes (unstandardized coefficients [B] and standard errors [SE] are presented)

From: The association of depression and anxiety with glycemic control among Mexican Americans with diabetes living near the U.S.-Mexico border

  Modifiable factors Glycemic control indicators
  BMI (N = 482) Waist circumference (cm; N = 485) Physical activity (METs; N = 403) Fasting glucose (mg/dl; N = 486) HbA1c (N = 381)
  B SE B SE B SE B SE B SE
Age -.010 .026 .124* .051 -17.791* 8.845 -.447** .167 -.033*** .010
Gender (Male = 1; Female = 2) .945 .715 -2.959 1.683 -595.856 337.471 -20.512** 6.471 -.379 .256
Education (years) -.029 .084 -.149 .169 -2.894 26.881 .643 .591 -.009 .021
Assessment Language (1 = English; 2 = Spanish) -.493 1.241 -2.155 2.573 -53.315 411.599 -.996 9.120 -.333 .367
Birth Country (1 = U.S.; 2 = Mexico) -1.948* .859 -5.292** 1.813 9.481 395.653 5.537 7.917 -.027 .283
Taking Diabetes Medication
(0 = No; 1 = Yes)
- - - - - - 45.387*** 5.942 .823** .270
CES-D Score (depression) .058* .030 .159** .056 -20.543** 7.567 .646** .237 .017 .010
  1. *p ≤ .05, **p ≤ .01, ***p ≤ .001.