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Table 1 Assessment of social-ecological model levels of influence during the LEAP intervention

From: Evaluating the effects of the Lunchtime Enjoyment Activity and Play (LEAP) school playground intervention on children’s quality of life, enjoyment and participation in physical activity

  Data collection timeframe
Social-ecological model levels[52] Outcome variable Measurement tool Data collection method Baseline Post-test (7-weeks) Follow-up (8-months)
Intra-personal (Individual) level factors • Individual level physical activity duration, frequency, steps and distances during school lunch breaks. • Pedometers • Worn by children on the right hip • 5 days • 5 days • 5 days
• Enjoyment of general physical activity. • PACES • Child self-report • 1 occasion • 1 occasion • 1 occasion
• Enjoyment of intra-personal related play activities. • LEAP Questionnaire • Child self-report • 1 occasion • 1 occasion • 1 occasion
• Physical health domain score of quality of life. • Peds QL 4.0 • Child self-report • 1 occasion • 1 occasion • 1 occasion
Inter-personal (Social) level factors • Area-level physical activity intensities over the school year. • SOPLAY • Video • 5 days • 5 days • 5 days
• Enjoyment of inter-personal-related play activities. • LEAP Questionnaire • Child self-report • 1 occasion • 1 occasion • 1 occasion
• School, social and home-related quality of life as a result of the intervention (within psychosocial and overall quality of life domains). • Peds QL 4.0 • Child self-report • 1 occasion • 1 occasion • 1 occasion
Physical environment/policy level factors • The physical activity types children participated in within the school playground during school lunch breaks. • SOPLAY • Video • 5 days • 5 days • 5 days
• Enjoyment of physical environment/policy-related play activities. • LEAP Questionnaire • Child self-report • 1 occasion • 1 occasion • 1 occasion
  1. SOPLAY [61] = System of Observing Play and Leisure Activities in Youth; LEAP [56] = Lunchtime Enjoyment of Activity and Play; PedsQL 4.0 [57] = Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory; PACES [64] = Physical Activity Children’s Enjoyment Scale; LEAP questionnaire consisted of 39 items (Intra-personal level component: 20 items; Inter-personal level component: 2 items; Physical Environment/Policy level component: 17 items); PACES consisted of 16 scale items; Peds QL consisted of 23 items (Psychosocial health scale quality of life: 15 items; Physical health scale quality of life: 8 items).