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Table 3 Multivariable RRs (95% CIs) for selected chronic conditions according to BMI category and gender

From: Chronic disease burden associated with overweight and obesity in Ireland: the effects of a small BMI reduction at population level

Chronic condition Males (n = 4,260)‡ Females (n = 4,171)‡
Overweight Obese Overweight Obese
Lower back pain 1.1 (0.9, 1.3) 1.2 (0.9, 1.5) 1.2 (1.0, 1.4) 1.5 (1.3, 1.9)**
Osteoarthritis 1.5 (1.0, 2.2) 2.0 (1.2, 3.2)* 1.4 (1.0, 1.9)* 1.8 (1.2, 2.5)*
Diabetes 1.1 (0.7, 1.9) 1.6 (0.9, 2.8) 1.9 (1.1, 3.2)* 3.9 (2.5, 6.3)**
CVD 0.8 (0.5, 1.2) 0.7 (0.4, 1.2) 1.7 (1.0, 2.7)* 1.0 (0.5, 2.2)
Hypertension 1.5 (1.2, 1.9)* 2.1 (1.6, 2.7)** 1.9 (1.6, 2.3)** 2.9 (2.3, 3.6)**
Raised cholesterol 1.3 (1.0, 1.7)* 1.7 (1.3, 2.3)** 1.1 (0.9, 1.3) 1.3 (1.0, 1.6)*
Asthma 1.3 (1.0, 1.8) 1.5 (1.0, 2.3) 0.9 (0.6, 1.2) 1.3 (0.9, 1.8)
Bronchitis 1.5 (0.8, 2.5) 1.9 (1.0, 3.5) 0.7 (0.5, 1.1) 1.7 (1.0, 2.9)*
Anxiety 1.1 (0.8, 1.7) 1.1 (0.7, 1.7) 1.0 (0.8, 1.4) 1.1 (0.8, 1.5)
Depression 0.8 (0.5, 1.2) 1.0 (0.6, 1.5) 1.1 (0.8, 1.4) 1.3 (0.9, 1.8)
  1. Note: Figures adjusted for age, education level, social class, employment status, alcohol intake and smoking status; This figure indicates the number of total respondents. As the chronic disease state is not known for all respondents, the actual numbers for each chronic disease does not sum to this figure (see similar note in Table 2); *P-value <0.05; **P-value <0.001.