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Table 2 Prevalence of chronic conditions, n (%), according to BMI category and gender

From: Chronic disease burden associated with overweight and obesity in Ireland: the effects of a small BMI reduction at population level

  Males (n = 4,260)‡ Females (n = 4,171)‡
Chronic condition Total prevalence (%) Normal weight Overweight Obese P-value* Total prevalence (%) Normal weight Overweight Obese P-value*
Lower back pain 16.2 240 (13.8) 313 (17.2) 135 (19.8) 0.010 16.8 341 (14.3) 220 (18.2) 135 (24.3) <0.0001
Osteoarthritis 3.2 34 (1.9) 67 (3.7) 33 (4.8) <0.001 6.2 101 (4.2) 102 (8.5) 54 (9.7) <0.0001
Diabetes 3.1 37 (2.1) 59 (3.3) 33 (4.9) 0.0104 2.8 35 (1.5) 43 (3.6) 38 (6.9) <0.0001
CVD 3.7 63 (3.6) 67 (3.6) 25 (3.6) 0.998 2.4 43 (1.8) 46 (3.7) 11 (2.0) 0.010
Hypertension 16.3 121 (9.6) 260 (18.3) 144 (26.4) <0.0001 16.2 161 (9.1) 217 (22.3) 141 (32.1) <0.0001
Raised cholesterol 15.5 114 (9.5) 234 (17.8) 123 (23.8) <0.0001 18.3 254 (15.6) 184 (20.2) 102 (24.8) <0.0001
Asthma 5.3 79 (4.6) 103 (5.7) 42 (6.2) 0.290 7.2 173 (7.3) 77 (6.4) 49 (8.9) 0.291
Bronchitis 2.1 24 (1.4) 44 (2.4) 24 (3.5) 0.011 3.1 67 (2.8) 30 (2.5) 33 (5.9) 0.002
Anxiety 4.7 73 (4.2) 91 (5.0) 35 (5.2) 0.553 6.8 148 (6.2) 87 (7.2) 45 (8.1) 0.245
Depression 3.9 69 (4.0) 62 (3.4) 33 (4.9) 0.366 6.4 137 (5.7) 79 (6.6) 48 (8.6) 0.060
  1. Note: This figure indicates the number of total respondents. As the chronic disease state is not known for all respondents, the actual numbers for each chronic disease does not sum to this figure. Numbers for men ranged from 4,217 to 4,260 with the exception of hypertension (n = 3,225) and raised cholesterol (n = 3,030), and for women the numbers ranged from 4,135 to 4,171 with the exception of hypertension (n = 3,195) and raised cholesterol (n = 2,952). *indicates chi-square p- values.