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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of ‘participation in public spaces’ by FSW status of community mobilization and vulnerability in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra

From: Female sex worker’s participation in the community mobilization process: two distinct forms of participations and associated contextual factors

   Andhra Pradesh    Tamil Nadu    Maharashtra
Characteristics(n) Public participation Yes (N = 1218) OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) Characteristics Public participation Yes (N = 472) OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) Characteristics Public participation Yes (N = 429) OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
n(%) n(%) n(%)
Collective Identity     Collective identity     Collective identity    
Yes(2026) 1064(48.7) 9.1(6.5-12.7)* 0.8(0.3-17) Yes(811) 322(33.3) 3.0(1.8-4.8)* 1.4(0.9-2.4)) Yes(243) 95(27.0) 3.1(1.8-5.1)* 1.2(0.7-2.1)
No(1344) 154(9.4) Ref Ref No(1329) 150(14.2) Ref Ref No(2890) 334(10.6) Ref Ref
Community Identity     Community identity     Community identity    
Yes(1994) 1056(49.3) 9.8(7.0-13.6)* 4.9(2.3-10.7)* Yes(941) 332(33.5) 2.6(1.5-4.5)* 2.4(1.5-3.8)* Yes(178) 74(26.8) 3.0(1.6-5.4) 1(0.5-1.9)
No(1376) 162(9.0) Ref Ref No(1199) 140(15.7) Ref Ref No(2955) 355(10.8) Ref Ref
Collective Agency     Collective agency     Collective agency    
Yes(1918) 983(45.1) 4.4(3.2-6.1)* 2.2(1.5-3.1)* Yes(293) 127(46.6) 4.1(2.1-7.8)* 2.3(1.3-4)* Yes(153) 71(42.0) 6.2(3.6-10.7) 4.5(2.6-7.8)*
No(1452) 235(15.5) Ref Ref No(1847) 345(17.4) Ref Ref No(2980) 358(10.4) Ref Ref
Collective Ownership     Collective ownership     Collective ownership    
Yes(97) 69(71.4) 5.2(2.8-9.9)* 2.2(1–4.7)* Yes(942) 285(32.2) 3.5(2.3-5.4)* 2.3(1.5-3.5)* Yes (99) 53(40.3) 5.3(2.9-9.7)* 2.4(1.1-5.3)*
No(3273) 1149(32.1) Ref Ref No(1198) 187(11.7) Ref Ref No(3034) 376(11.2) Ref Ref
Collective space participation     Collective space participation     Collective space participation    
Yes(2237) 1094(46.0) 8.2(5.4-12.3) 2.9(1.7-5.0)* Yes(1633) 450(26.8) 12.3(6.4-23.5)* 5.1(2.6-10.3)* Yes(1465) 278(15.6) 1.9(1.2-3.0)* 1.4(0.9-2.4)
No(1133) 124(9.4) Ref Ref No(507) 22(2.8) Ref Ref No(1668) 151(8.7) Ref Ref
Police Vulnerability     Police vulnerability     Police vulnerability    
Yes(1030) 682(58.0) 5.0(3.5-7.3) 3.6(2.6-5.1)* Yes(143) 56(49.9) 3.7(2.0-6.6)* 2.4(0.3-2.3)* Yes(1284) 242(18.3) 3.4(2.3-5.1)* 3.3(2.1-5)*
No(2340) 536(21.3) Ref Ref No(1997) 416(21.0) Ref Ref No(1849) 187(6.0) Ref  
Experience of Violence     Experience of violence     Experience of violence    
Yes(918) 493(45.8) 2.2(1.5-3.1) 0.9(0.6-1.3) Yes(294) 77(24.3) 1.1(0.6-1.8) 0.8(0.4-1.6)) Yes(501) 105(17.0) 1.6(1.0-2.6)* 1.3(0.8-2.3)
No(2452) 725(27.5) Ref Ref No(1846) 395(22.3) Ref Ref No(2630) 324(10.8) Ref Ref
  1. The dependant variable is created by coding 1 for participation in Public spaces and coded as 0 of not participated. *p < .05 CI- Confidence Interval; OR- Crude Odds Ratio; AOR-Adjusted Odds Ratio Adjusted for Age, Duration of Sex work, typology of sex, Occupation, Literacy and Debt status.