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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratios for the association between late presentation and study variables among MSM receiving HIV/AIDS care in Salvador, Brazil

From: Making the invisible, visible: a cross-sectional study of late presentation to HIV/AIDS services among men who have sex with men from a large urban center of Brazil

Variables Adjusted OR 95% CI
Self-reported sexual orientation
 Homosexual and bisexual 1.00  
 Heterosexual 1.54 1.08 - 2.20
Age
 18-29 years 1.00  
 30 years or older 1.64 1.02 - 2.64
Skin Color*
 White | Yellow | Indigenous | Other 1.00  
 Brown 0.82 0.52 - 1.30
 Black 0.92 0.57 - 1.49
Income**
 Above minimum wage 1.00  
 Minimum wage or less 1.47 0.96 - 2.23
History of smoking
 No 1.00  
 Yes 1.34 0.94 - 1.89
History of drug use
 No 1.00  
 Yes 0.69 0.45 - 1.03
History of a STI
 Never 1.00  
 At least one time 0.73 0.52 - 1.01
Experience with forced sex
 Never 1.00  
 At least one time 0.70 0.41 - 1.18
Owns private health insurance
 No 1.00  
 Yes 0.71 0.46 - 1.09
  1. *Race is commonly referred to as cor or ‘color,’ and references the phenotype (physical appearance) and not one’s ancestry (origin).
  2. **Minimum wage of $510 BR per month = $328.11 USD per month as established by the Brazilian government at the time data was collected.