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Table 3 Prevalence of PN characteristics among the participants in urban and rural settings

From: Prevalence of peripheral neuropathy and its associated demographic and health status characteristics, among people on antiretroviral therapy in Rwanda

PN characteristic measures Settings n (%) n = 507  
  Urban Rural p-value
PN in the feet Absent 81 (33) 129 (52) <0.001*
  Present 167 (67) 119 (48)
PNS severity None 31 (13) 130 (52) <0.001*
  Mild 48 (20) 27 (11)
  Moderate 78 (32) 40 (16)
  Severe 88 (36) 47 (19)
PNS distribution None 34 (13) 134 (54) <0.001*
  Feet only 74 (29) 46 (20)
  Ankle to knee 95 (37) 66 (29)
  Above knee 55 (21) 48 (21)
Sense of vibration Reduced/absent 213 (83) 98 (40) <0.001*
  Normal 45 (17) 150 (60)
Ankle reflex Reduced/absent 190 (74) 94 (38) <0.001*
  Normal 68 (26) 154 (62)
  1. *Denotes significant p-value for the association.