Skip to main content

Table 2 Average intakes of energy, macronutrients, fibre and cholesterol in relation to age and gender and proportion of participants not meeting the recommended intakes

From: A study of the dietary intake of Cypriot children and adolescents aged 6–18 years and the association of mother’s educational status and children’s weight status on adherence to nutritional recommendations

  Age group (years)
  6.0-8.9 9.0-13.9 14.0-18.9
  Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
(n = 162) (n = 158) (n = 211) (n = 314) (n = 173) (n = 396)
Energy (kcal/day) 1856 ± 273 1811 ± 272 1898 ± 337 1793 ± 341** 2180 ± 448 1781 ± 422**
Carbohydrate (%en) 48.7 ± 5.8 49.3 ± 5.2 46.5 ± 6.8 46.6 ± 6.7 42.3 ± 6.7 46.0 ± 7.2**
  % <45/≥65% en 25.3/0.6 18.4/0 40.4/0 37.9/0.6 66.5/0 42.9**/0.8
Total fat (%en) 34.7 ± 5.0 34.1 ± 14.2 35.9 ± 5.5 36.6 ± 5.7 39.6 ± 5.0 37.3 ± 5.7**
  % <25/≥35%en 2.5/43.8 1.9/42.4 1.9/59.7 2.5/61.5 0.6/83.8 2.3/66.4**
SFA (% en) 14.0 ± 2.7 13.7 ± 2.6 14.0 ± 2.9 14.4 ± 3.0 15.3 ± 2.9 14.3 ± 3.3**
  % ≥10%en 92.6 90.5 92.4 93.3 97.1 90.4*
MUFA (%en) 15.2 ± 3.2 15.1 ± 2.7 16.1 ± 3.1 16.5 ± 3.5 18.1 ± 3.2 17.0 ± 3.5**
PUFA (%en) 5.0 ± 1.6 4.8 ± 1.4 5.4 ± 1.9 5.3 ± 1.8 5.9 ± 2.1 5.4 ± 1.8*
  % < 6/≥10%en 81.5/1.2 86.1/0.6 68.2/3.3 72.9/1.9 58.4/2.3 68.9*/1.5
Protein (%en) 16.2 ± 2.5 16.2 ± 2.6 17.2 ± 3.3 16.4 ± 2.9* 17.7 ± 3.1 16.3 ± 3.4**
  % < 10/≥15/≥30%en 0/68.5/0 0.6/72.8 /0 0.5/77.7/0 0.6/68.5*/0 0.6/82.7/0 2.3/65.2**/0
Fibre (g/day) 14.8 ± 5.0 14.6 ± 4.7 14.7 ± 5.0 14.0 ± 5.0 15.2 ± 6.3 14.1 ± 6.2*
  % < 14 g/1000 kcal 100 97.8 98.6 97.8 97.7 94.7
Cholesterol (mg/day) 271.6 ± 96.7 255.3 ± 93.4 285.0 ± 108.0 269.7 ± 111.3 345.5 ± 142.6 260.0 ± 117.3**
  % ≥300 mg/day 37.0 27.8 40.8 33.4 59.0 32.1**
  1. Values presented are mean ± SD and % of participants.
  2. %en = Percentage of total energy intake. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.001 in comparison to boys of the same age-group.