Skip to main content

Table 3 Regression coefficients (SE) of spicy food eating associated with adiposity measures by gender groups among regular spicy food consumers a

From: Spicy food consumption is associated with adiposity measures among half a million Chinese people: the China Kadoorie Biobank study

  BMI BF% WC WHtR
  Males Females Males Females Males Females Males Females
Model 1b         
n 78,858 105,988 78,808 105,931 78,858 105,988 78,858 105,988
Frequency of spicy food eating 0.078** 0.104** 0.207** 0.222** 0.192** 0.058 0.0010** 0.0003
(0.017) (0.016) (0.034) (0.033) (0.052) (0.045) (0.0003) (0.0003)
Strength of spicy food eating 0.068** 0.201** 0.051 0.334** 0.292** 0.560** 0.0018** 0.0035**
(0.017) (0.016) (0.034) (0.033) (0.053) (0.044) (0.0003) (0.0003)
Model 2b         
n 78,853 105,982 78,804 105,925 78,853 105,982 78,853 105,982
Frequency of spicy food eating 0.076** 0.096** 0.201** 0.207** 0.186** 0.050 0.0010** 0.0002
(0.017) (0.016) (0.034) (0.034) (0.053) (0.045) (0.0003) (0.0003)
Strength of spicy food eating 0.065** 0.193** 0.042 0.317** 0.282** 0.551** 0.0018** 0.0034**
(0.018) (0.016) (0.035) (0.034) (0.054) (0.045) (0.0003) (0.0003)
Years of eating spicy food-to-age ratio 0.011 0.023** 0.028* 0.046** 0.029 0.024 0.0001 0.0003*
  (0.007) (0.006) (0.013) (0.013) (0.021) (0.018) (0.0001) (0.0001)
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01.
  2. aparticipants who ate spicy food more than once a week.
  3. bAge, education, alcohol and tobacco use, physical activity, alcohol drinking, smoking and survey sites were included in models for adjustment.