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Table 2 Characteristics of adiposity variables by gender and spicy food eating groups

From: Spicy food consumption is associated with adiposity measures among half a million Chinese people: the China Kadoorie Biobank study

  BMI BF% WC WHtR
  Males Females Males Females Males Females Males Females
Frequency of spicy food eating         
n 179,462 255,094 179,365 254,997 179,462 255,094 179,462 255,094
Never 23.6 (0.01) 23.9 (0.01) 22.2 (0.02) 32.3 (0.02) 82.2 (0.03) 79.3 (0.03) 0.498 (0.0002) 0.514 (0.0002)
1-2 d/wk 23.8 (0.03) 24.1 (0.03) 22.6 (0.05) 32.6 (0.05) 83.1 (0.08) 79.8 (0.07) 0.502 (0.0005) 0.517 (0.0004)
3-5 d/wk 23.9 (0.03) 24.2 (0.03) 22.6 (0.05) 32.9 (0.06) 83.2 (0.08) 79.9 (0.07) 0.503 (0.0005) 0.518 (0.0005)
Daily 24.0 (0.02) 24.4 (0.02) 22.9 (0.03) 33.3 (0.03) 83.5 (0.05) 80.4 (0.04) 0.505 (0.0003) 0.521 (0.0003)
Strength of spicy food eating         
n 78,858 105,988 78,808 105,931 78,858 105,988 78,858 105,988
Weak 23.4 (0.02) 23.5 (0.02) 22.0 (0.04) 31.8 (0.04) 81.8 (0.07) 78.5 (0.05) 0.497 (0.0004) 0.511 (0.0003)
Moderate 23.5 (0.02) 23.8 (0.02) 22.2 (0.04) 32.1 (0.03) 82.2 (0.05) 79.1 (0.05) 0.500 (0.0003) 0.515 (0.0003)
Strong 23.5 (0.02) 24.0 (0.02) 22.3 (0.04) 32.6 (0.04) 82.5 (0.06) 79.7 (0.05) 0.502 (0.0004) 0.518 (0.0003)
Years of eating spicy food-to-age ratio         
n 78,853 105,982 78,804 105,925 78,853 105,982 78,853 105,982
<50% 23.4 (0.03) 23.6 (0.03) 22.0 (0.06) 31.7 (0.06) 81.9 (0.09) 78.7 (0.08) 0.498 (0.0005) 0.512 (0.0005)
> = 50% 23.5 (0.02) 23.8 (0.02) 22.2 (0.04) 32.2 (0.04) 82.4 (0.06) 79.2 (0.05) 0.500 (0.0004) 0.515 (0.0003)
> = 80% 23.5 (0.02) 23.9 (0.02) 22.3 (0.04) 32.4 (0.04) 82.3 (0.06) 79.3 (0.05) 0.500 (0.0004) 0.517 (0.0003)
  1. Data are presented as covariates-adjusted mean (SE) or percentage (SE). Adjusted means and proportions were calculated by using multivariable linear regression and logistic regression models with adjustment for age, education, alcohol and tobacco use, physical activity, alcohol drinking, smoking and survey sites. All P-values for trend across subgroups are <0.001. All P-values for gender difference are <0.001.