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Table 1 Descriptive and chi-square test results of gender differences across sociodemographic factors, alcohol use, and sexual behavior in a sample of Ugandan university students with sexual experience

From: Patterns of alcohol consumption and risky sexual behavior: a cross-sectional study among Ugandan university students

Variables Characteristics All (N = 1179) Females (N = 486) Males (N = 693) Chi-square
   n (%) n (%) n (%) (p-value)
Age Younger (≤ 22 years) 608 (51.6) 215 (44.0) 393 (56.9) <.001
  Older (> 22 years) 571 (48.4) 271 (56.0) 300 (43.1)  
Role of religion while growing up Major role of religion while growing up 736 (62.5) 334 (68.5) 402 (58.2) <.001
  Minor role of religion while growing up 443 (37.5) 154 (31.5) 289 (41.8)  
Area of growing up Urban 610 (51.7) 272 (56.0) 338 (48.8) .009
  Rural 569 (48.3) 214 (44.0) 355 (51.2)  
Alcohol use in the last 12 months Abstainers of alcohol 520 (46.8) 240 (54.3) 280 (41.9) <.001
  Seldom users of alcohol in last 12 months 450 (40.5) 163 (36.9) 287 (43)  
  Frequent users of alcohol in last 12 months 140 (12.6) 39 (8.8) 101 (15.1)  
  Missing 69 44 25  
Alcohol use in relation to sexual activity* Non-Use of alcohol in relation to sexual activity 391 (79) 146 (83.4) 245 (76.6) .002
  Use of alcohol in relation to sexual activity 104 (21) 29 (16.6) 75 (23.4)  
  Missing 95 27 68  
Alcohol use at latest occasion of sexual intercourse* Non-Use of alcohol at latest occasion of sexual intercourse 360 (72.9) 133 (76.9) 227 (70.7) .001
  Use of alcohol at latest occasion of sexual intercourse 134 (27.1) 40 (23.1) 94 (29.3)  
  Missing 96 29 67  
Condom use with new partner Consistent use of condom with new partner 603 (57.8) 216 (50.8) 387 (62.6) <.001
  Inconsistent condom use with new partner 440 (42.2) 209 (49.2) 231 (37.4)  
  Missing 136 61 75  
Number of sexual partners in past 12 months 0-1 sexual partner in last 12 months 680 (66.4) 324 (77.5) 356 (58.5) <.001
  2 or more sexual partners in last 12 months 344 (33.6) 94 (22.4) 250 (41.3)  
  Missing 155 68 87  
  1. *Abstainers from alcohol over 12 months have been excluded from this analysis.