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Table 1 Participant characteristics & comparisons of physical activity and sedentary time

From: Objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in south Asian women: a cross-sectional study

    Mean (SD)
Age (mean ± SD),yr 46.5 ± 14.3   
Age categories, n(%)   Sedentary (mean min/day)* LPA (mean min/day)* MVPA (mean min/day)*
 18-64.9 yrs 106(75.7) 521.94(12.81) 282.30(107.21)a 39.63(2.87)a
 ≥65 yrs 34(24.3) 549.33(14.73) 259.71(103.05) 23.30(4.07)
Migration status**, n (%)    
 Born within UK 33(23.60) 519.21(87.88) 316.45(106.68)b 37.72(21.40)
 Born in Bangladesh 49(35.01) 523.57(91.95) 288.95(113.83) 33.19(22.11)
 Born in Pakistan 58(42.43) 539.34(71.09) 253.42(95.09) 27.54(20.38)
Literacy level**, n (%)    
 Self-reported fluency in English 97(69.30) 531.76(11.16) 271.92(108.23) 36.39(2.79)
 Self-reported non-fluency in English 43(30.70) 522.82(24.11) 274.50(105.13) 28.61(5.52)
BMI (mean ± SD), kg/m2 27.8 ± 5.5   
BMI categories**, n (%)    
 Underweight*** (<18.5) 1(.80) 445.82(45.51)c 272.04(102.45)c 43.30(13.32)c
 Normal weight*** (18.5-23) 12(8.60) 406.23(37.05)c 284.40(101.37)c 52.89(9.09)c
 Overweight*** (23.1-27.5) 24(17.10) 555.78(17.49) 285.37(119.09) 38.38(4.72)
 Obese*** (>27.5) 103(73.50) 533.67(11.50) 266.49(104.64) 31.90(2.95)
Waist circumference (mean ± SD), cm 91.6 ± 14.7   
Waist category, n (%)    
 Healthy (≤79.9 cm) 45(32.10) 504.21(38.11) 268.15(105.18) 42.23(9.69)
 Unhealthy (≥80 cm) 95(67.90) 533.03(10.38) 273.30(108.45) 33.95(2.55)
Body fat(mean ± SD) 41.7 ± 23.1   
IMD Quintiles****, n (%)    
1 (most deprived) 52(37.1) 525.71(17.34) 279.11(104.06) 33.20(3.7)
2 61(43.6) 523.11(14.33) 283.24(104.89) 36.45(3.8)
3 27(19.3) 561.60(24.27) 276.07(106.09) 32.16(2.7)
4 0(0)   
5 (least deprived) 0(0)   
  1. *log-transformed data, untransformed means included for all activity data for ease of understanding; **Controlling for age; ***BMI Categories as defined for South Asians by the WHO [9]; ****Based on Index of Multiple Deprivation ranks for Wales [37].
  2. asignificantly (p < 0.05) different from ≥65 yr age group; bsignificantly (p < .001) different from participants born in Bangladesh and Pakistan; csignificantly (p < .001) different from overweight and obese groups.