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Table 3 Linear hierarchical regression of respondent’s cleaning on RANAS and social dilemma variables

From: Shared toilet users’ collective cleaning and determinant factors in Kampala slums, Uganda

Factor blocks Variables Unstandardized coefficients Standardized coefficients t Sig.
   B Std. error Beta   
  Step 1
  (Constant) .390 .440   .886 .38
Risk factors Vulnerability to get disease .052 .080 .017 .656 .51
Severity of disease -.060 .084 -.019 -.710 .48
Attitude factors Affective feeling - cleaning shared toilet -.059 .015 -.126 −3.998 .00
Instrumental - cleaning time consuming .071 .047 .055 1.511 .13
Instrumental - cleaning effort .039 .040 .035 .976 .33
Norm factors Injunctive - approval to clean .015 .020 .023 .740 .46
Injunctive - social pressure to clean .017 .026 .018 .657 .51
Ability factors Self-efficacy - cleaning difficulty -.006 .034 -.007 -.178 .86
Self-efficacy - cleaning schedule -.064 .029 -.063 −2.239 .03
Self-regulation factors Action planning - cleaning daily routine .505 .048 .521 10.538 .00
Remembering to clean .139 .049 .115 2.825 .01
Cleaning commitment .287 .052 .287 5.505 .00
  Step 2
  (Constant) .331 .451   .735 .46
Risk factors Vulnerability to get disease .031 .079 .010 .398 .69
Severity of disease .023 .084 .007 .269 .79
Attitude factors Affective feeling - cleaning shared toilet -.060 .015 -.129 −4.055 .00
Instrumental - cleaning time consuming .076 .047 .058 1.610 .11
Instrumental - cleaning effortful .048 .040 .043 1.205 .23
Norm factors Injunctive - approval to clean .012 .020 .017 .576 .57
Injunctive - social pressure to clean -.003 .026 -.004 -.133 .89
Ability factors Self-efficacy - cleaning difficulty -.026 .036 -.028 -.713 .48
Self-efficacy - cleaning schedule -.069 .029 -.068 −2.346 .02
Self-regulation factors Action planning - cleaning daily routine .405 .051 .419 7.937 .00
Remembering to clean .118 .049 .097 2.410 .02
Cleaning commitment .237 .053 .237 4.462 .00
Social motive factor Respondents cleaning more than other users .091 .021 .146 4.247 .00
Communication factors Talking frequency .007 .035 .005 .191 .85
Talking ease .030 .033 .032 .903 .37
Perceived efficacy factors Shared toilet users’ cleaning cooperation .042 .036 .043 1.169 .24
Cleanliness confidence if other users are cooperative in cleaning -.085 .053 -.045 −1.601 .11
Group dynamics factor Cleaning team .057 .038 .063 1.508 .13
  1. Step 1: Regression of cleaning behaviour on RANAS variables, N = 417, R Square = .75. Step 2: Regression of cleaning behaviour on RANAS and Social dilemma variables, N = 415, R Square = .77.