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Table 3 List of topics suggested by participants a , categorized into thematic clusters, with average priority ratings in terms of how important it would be for the INTREC training program to provide instruction the theme/topic b

From: Training needs for research in health inequities among health and demographic researchers from eight African and Asian countries

Cluster/Topic number Themes and topics Average Rating
1 Assessing health inequalities 3.94
23C Indicators to measure, analyse and evaluate (the dynamics of) health inequalities in different contexts 4.37
29 Methods for measuring/studying health inequalities 4.24
6 Health systems influencing health (in)equalities 4.17
2 Variation in access to health services for different groups 4.15
1 Evidence on causes of health inequalities in my country 4.1
3 The evidence on inequalities in health between the poor and wealthy 4.02
16 Concepts of disease and health inequality 3.98
44 Mapping the available health facilities and quality of health services they offer 3.95
37 Understanding methods that advance health equity in my country 3.95
19 Analysis of life-course as a cause of health inequalities 3.93
28 Theoretical background knowledge on the concepts of equity, inequalities, social determinants, and health inequities 3.93
56 Health inequalities: definitions, drivers, and means of addressing them 3.88
40 Systematic reviews of health inequalities 3.85
58 Rural–urban disparity in health service provision 3.83
54 Social and structural explanations of health inequalities based on characteristics of populations and effective interventions 3.8
31 Social network analysis as a means of mapping social and health inequalities 3.76
41 Discussion with experts about evidence/reviews on health inequalities 3.73
53 Consequences of impoverishment and income inequality arising out of high health care expenditures 3.61
39 How community members/local people in my country perceive and explain inequalities in health 3.61
2 Demography and health inequalities 3.77
13 Demography: demographic parameters and health inequalities 4.12
15 Demographic Changes 4
43 Population dynamics as factors affecting social inequalities in health 4
14 The demographic profile and economic profile of the population (and health) 3.95
57 Health profile of the country: the distribution of disease by age and sex 3.73
4 Health outcomes as a result of lifestyle differences within and between HDSS areas 3.71
48 Gender issues in relation to the structure and distribution of health services 3.68
51 Social injustice 3.51
47 Migration 3.25
3 Social determinants of health 3.67
9 Health (care) seeking behaviours 4.1
8 Environmental parameters that affect health 3.88
5 Health status of the elderly 3.8
52 Health transition 3.8
30 What are the wider social determinants of health (for example, education, employment, income, socio economic status, housing, gender)? 3.76
32 Children with special needs 3.32
18 Mid-life health concerns of men and women 3.29
11 Social exclusion and development 3.27
4 Research design and methods 3.85
20 Analysis of longitudinal data 4.39
35 Monitoring and evaluation methods 4.07
59 Qualitative research methods 4
7 Biostatistics 3.95
34 Writing research proposals and designs 3.95
36 (Advanced) statistical software and methods (e.g., for modelling) 3.93
12 (Social) epidemiology 3.88
33 Health economics and cost effectiveness studies 3.61
49 ICD 10 2.85
5 Research and policy 3.84
24 Translating research into policy: how to package lessons learned from research projects into policy messages 4.39
25 Health policy analysis (including decision-making process) 4.1
45 Research policy 3.54
38 Information about other people working in this field in my country 3.32
6 Interventions 3.66
22 Public health and public health interventions in the community 4.22
26 The relation between health policy and social determinants of health (access to care) 3.95
42 Health policies and politics as social determinants of health 3.76
10 Concept of health education/promotion (e.g. in the family, in migrating communities, by empowering women) 3.6
46 Health financing (incl. insurance) 3.54
27 The effect of subsidized or non-subsidized services on (population) health 3.51
50 Health awareness of decision makers in the family 3.49
17 Limited access to health information/education 3.46
55 Health infrastructure in my country 3.44
  1. aResearchers from 13 INDEPTH HDSSs in Africa and from 6 INDEPTH HDSSs and a university in Asia.
  2. b1 = not important and 5 = very important.
  3. cCorresponds to cluster map composed of final list of 52 statements (see Figure 1).