Skip to main content

Table 3 Univariable logistic regression analysis

From: Prevalence and correlates of psychological distress in a large and diverse public sector workforce: baseline results from Partnering Healthy@Work

    Men  p   Women  p
Variables  PR1(95% CI)    PR (95% CI)  
Age (years) continuous 0.99 (0.98 - 1.01) 0.355 0.97 (0.97 – 0.98) <0.001
 16-24 1.00 - 1.00 -
 25-34 0.40 (0.12 – 1.35) 0.139 0.98 (.053 – 1.83) 0.959
 35-44 0.63 (0.21 – 1.87) 0.406 0.79 (0.43 – 1.45) 0.446
 45-54 0.62 (0.21 – 1.78) 0.372 0.62 (0.34 – 1.13) 0.116
 55-64 0.38 (0.12 – 1.18) 0.095 0.40 (0.21 – 0.78) 0.007
 65+ Insufficient cases 0.000 0.23 (0.03 – 1.70) 0.150
Marital Status     
 Not married 2.00 (1.32 - 3.05) 0.001 1.41 (1.10 – 1.79) .006
 Married/Defacto 1.00 - 1.00 -
Occupation     
 Blue Collar 1.15 (0.62 -2.13) 0.668 1.24 (0.88 – 1.74) 0.227
 Admin 0.94 (0.54 – 1.62) 0.815 1.41 (1.05 – 1.91) 0.023
 Service 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Professional 1.55 (0.76 – 3.13) 0.228 1.29 (0.60 – 2.80) 0.517
 Manager 0.85 (0.49 – 1.46) 0.553 1.35 (0.92 – 1.96) 0.123
Annual Salary 1.01 (0.97 – 1.06) 0.638 0.94 (0.88 – 1.00) 0.044
Education     
 Up to Year 10 0.63 (0.26 – 1.53) 0.308 0.92 (0.65 – 1.31) 0.653
 Up to Year 12/certificate 1.22 (0.82 – 1.83) 0.322 1.02 (0.80 – 1.33) 0.826
Post School 1.00 - 1.00 -
Job Classification     
 Bands 1-3 0.96 (0.58 – 1.59) 0.872 0.92 (0.72 – 1.17) 0.484
 Bands 4-6 0.97 (0.51 – 1.85) 0.930 0.86 (0.55 – 1.36) 0.518
 Bands 7-8 1.32 (0.64 – 2.72) 0.444 0.56 (0.21 – 1.48) 0.244
 Bands 9-10 1.00 - 1.00 -
Employment Category     
 Fixed Term/ Casual 1.77 (1.10 – 2.86) 0.018 1.18 (0.79 – 1.77) 0.427
 Permanent 1.00 - 1.00 -
Employment Condition     
 Part Time 1.41 (0.88 – 2.26) .0156 0.90 (0.72 – 1.13) 0.351
 Full Time 1.00 - 1.00 -
Tenure     
 State Service 0.99 (0.97 – 1.00) 0.119 0.98 (0.97 - 0.99) <0.001
 Agency 0.99 (0.97 – 1.01) 0.285 0.98 (0.96 – 1.00) 0.051
Days worked     
 Days Vary Weekly 0.83 (0.47 – 1.48) 0.534 1.12 (0.82 – 1.53) 0.463
 Other 1.48 (0.89 – 2.44) 0.129 0.85 (0.65 – 1.11) 0.235
 Mon to Fri 1.00 - 1.00 -
Schedule worked     
 Regular day 1.06 (0.65 – 1.72) 0.812 0.89 (0.66 – 1.19) 0.421
 Other types 1.00 - 1.00 -
Hours worked 1.00 (0.98 – 1.02) 0.881 1.00 (1.00 – 1.01) 0.422
Preferred hours     
 Less hours 1.49 (1.00 – 2.22) .052 1.39 (1.10 – 1.76) 0.006
 Same hours 1.00 - 1.00 -
 More hours 1.26 (0.48 – 3.32) 0.635 1.56 (1.01 – 2.42) 0.047
General Health2 1.01 (0.97 - 1.06) 0.661 0.99 (0.98 – 1.01) 0.489
BMI (per unit) 1.05 (1.01 - 1.08) 0.010 1.02 (1.00 – 1.05) 0.038
Alcohol Intake     
 High Risk 1.60 (1.05 - 2.44) 0.030 1.61 (1.21 – 2.13) 0.001
 Low Risk 1.00 - 1.00 -
Fruit & Veg Intake     
 Inadequate 1.41 (0.96 - 2.08) 0.079 1.46 (1.16 – 1.83) 0.001
 Adequate 1.00 - 1.00 -
Smoker     
 Daily Smoker 1.89 (0.99 - 3.61) 0.053 1.36 (0.94 – 1.97) 0.105
 All Others 1.00 - 1.00 -
Physical Activity3     
 Lower 1.30 (0.78 - 2.18) 0.318 0.89 (0.66 – 1.20) 0.442
 Middle 1.92 (1.18 - 3.11) 0.008 1.23 (0.94 – 1.61) 0.134
 Upper 1.00   1.00 -
ERI tertiles4     
 Lower 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Middle 1.02 (0.53 – 1.96) 0.950 1.53 (1.00 – 2.35) 0.051
 Upper 3.54 (2.10 - 5.97) <0.001 4.59 (3.20 – 6.60) <0.001
  1. High psychological distress prevalence ratios for men and women participating in the Partnering Healthy@Work 2010 survey.
  2. 1PR, Prevalence Ratio using inverse probability weighting method.
  3. 2General Health is derived from SF12 aggregate physical score.
  4. 3Physical activity tertile ranges (minutes per week) 0-146, 147-252, 253-362 – a combination of total work and leisure minutes.
  5. 4ERI, Effort-Reward Imbalance tertile ranges: Males = 0.21-0.36 (lower); 0.36 - 0.49 (middle); 0.49 – 2.32 (upper). Females = 0.21 - 0.36 (lower); 0.36 - 0.50 (middle); 0.50 – 2.05 (upper).