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Table 2 Associations between intervention exposure variables and condom use at last sex act with different partners

From: Relationship between exposure to the Avahan intervention and levels of reported condom use among men who have sex with men in southern India

  Condom use last sex act with any partner (n = 303)* Condom use last sex act with main partner (n = 131)* Condom use last sex act with a casual partner (n = 238)*
  ORa(95% CI) p-value AORb,c(95% CI) p-value ORa(95% CI) p-value AORb,d(95% CI) p-value ORa(95% CI) p-value AORb,e(95% CI) p-value
Intervention exposure             
Ever contacted (versus never)f 5.82 (2.49-13.6) <0.001 7.55 (3.31-17.2) <0.001 7.15 (2.63-19.4) <0.001 6.75 (1.66-27.34) 0.008 15.1 (6.05-37.5) <0.001 12.5 (4.90-32.0) <0.001
Ever given condoms (versus never)g 10.0 (4.20-24.1) <0.001 12.2 (5.32-28.1) <0.001 8.48 (3.14-22.9) <0.001 5.81 (1.41-24.0) 0.016 23.1 (7.90-67.5) <0.001 21.1 (6.36-70.0) <0.001
Ever seen a condom demo (versus never)h 6.24 (2.68-14.5) <0.001 5.27 (2.41-11.5) <0.001 9.61 (3.34-27.6) <0.001 6.70 (1.46-30.9) 0.016 11.0 (4.16-29.0) <0.001 8.76 (3.09-24.8) <0.001
Duration since first contact (per year) 0.78 (0.63-0.97) 0.027 0.74 (0.56-0.98) 0.037 0.76 (0.60-0.97) 0.026 0.85 (0.57-1.26) 0.407 1.16 (0.72-1.87) 0.541 1.15 (0.69-1.92) 0.592
Number of contacts last month (per contact)i 0.98 (0.91-1.01) 0.476 0.93 (0.84-1.02) 0.130 1.43 (0.90-2.27) 0.132 1.46 (0.91-2.36) 0.115 1.12 (1.02-1.24) 0.025 1.11l (0.97-1.27) 0.124
Number of condoms given last time (per condom)j 1.00 (1.00-1.00) 0.876 1.00 (1.00-1.00) 0.225 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.156 0.993 (0.988-0.999) 0.021 1.30 (0.81-2.11) 0.272 1.35 (1.01-1.79) 0.040
Number of condom demos seen last month (per time)k 1.60 (1.07-2.39) 0.022 1.26 (0.75-2.10) 0.378 1.56 (0.90-2.70) 0.107 1.68m (0.62-4.55) 0.301 1.88 (0.93-3.80) 0.080 1.94 (0.81-4.66) 0.134
  1. Odds ratios which are significantly different from 1 are shown in bold (p < 0.05).
  2. *Unadjusted number of people answering questions about condom use with each partner type. Number of individuals included in each analysis may be smaller, depending upon whether they answered questions relating to the intervention exposure under analysis; for continuous exposure variables, unexposed individuals are excluded.
  3. aOR are unadjusted odds ratios.
  4. bAOR are adjusted odds ratios, adjusted for the factors listed below.
  5. cAdjusted for duration as an MSM (categorised), whether ever sold sex, whether ever married to a woman, and number of times had anal sex with new partners last week.
  6. dAdjusted for religion (Hindu versus other), circumcision status, literacy (literate versus not) and number of times had anal sex with new partners last week.
  7. eAdjusted for whether ever sold sex and number of times had anal sex with new partners last week.
  8. fAOR adjusted for whether ever sold sex.
  9. gAOR adjusted for whether ever paid a female for sex and whether ever sold sex.
  10. hAOR adjusted for whether ever paid a female for sex and whether ever sold sex.
  11. iAOR adjusted for duration as MSM (categorised) and sex work as main income.
  12. jAOR adjusted for whether ever paid a female for sex, sex work as main income and MSM identity (in 3 groups).
  13. kAOR adjusted for whether ever married to a woman, ever paid a female for sex and MSM identity (in 3 groups).
  14. lNot adjusted for duration as an MSM, as it overlapped too much with the number of intervention contacts in this subset of the population.
  15. mNot adjusted for circumcision status, as it overlapped too much with religion in this subset of the population.