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Table 1 Characteristics of men who have sex with men in Central America, 2012

From: Effectiveness of a combination prevention strategy for HIV risk reduction with men who have sex with men in Central America: a mid-term evaluation

  Costa Rica (n = 736) El Salvador (n = 630) Guatemala (n = 750) Nicaragua (n = 618) Panama (n = 797) Pooled sample (n = 3531) Matched sample (n = 2922)
Socio-demographic characteristics
Age        
18–24 50.7 67.5 57.7 74.4 48.6 58.9 63.9
25–29 24.7 16.7 18.0 16.0 25.8 20.6 16.7
30–34 14.7 9.8 11.3 7.3 14.6 11.8 11.2
≥34 9.9 6.0 12.9 2.3 11.0 8.8 8.2
Education        
Primary or less 25.1 6.5 16.1 9.9 2.1 12.0 8.1
Secondary 57.7 22.9 23.5 72.0 68.6 49.2 44.6
Tertiary 17.1 70.6 60.4 18.1 29.2 38.8 47.3
Socio-economic status       
Low 54.4 57.7 39.7 70.1 60.3 56 54.7
Middle 40.7 39 50 28.7 37.3 39.5 40.2
High 4.9 3.4 10.3 1.2 2.3 4.5 5.1
Sexual identity        
Heterosexual 13.3 15.7 5.1 4.7 3.9 8.4 4.1
Bisexual 51.5 38.1 51.9 39.3 22.5 40.5 36.9
Gay/homosexual 35.2 46.2 43.1 56.0 73.7 51.1 59.1
Social interaction        
Out with friends 63.0 70.4 66.3 72.8 78.3 70.2 78.5
Participated in gay/LGBT event in past 12 months 29.3 32.5 30.4 43.4 30.8 32.9 43.8
Visited gay bar/disco in past 30 days 64.5 46.2 62.4 62.0 78.8 62.5 72.4
Received free condoms in past 12 months 47.6 63.7 78.1 67.9 40.1 58.8 71.4
Ever participated as an HIV/AIDS educator 7.5 8.7 9.5 15.2 11.4 10.4 11.7
Behavioral outcomes
Condom use at last sex 84.1 84.1 90.4 84.9 82.9 85.0 84.0
Condom and lubricant use at last sex 45.3 33.9 59.5 37.0 61.3 47.5 48.7
Consistent condom use, all partners 79.3 80.4 82.1 86.4 84.4 82.2 80.4
Consistent condom use, regular partners 80.3 (n = 390) 74.2 (n = 387) 83.9 (n = 472) 86.4 (n = 391) 85.1 (n = 571) 82.3 (n = 2211) 78.9 (n = 265)
Consistent condom use, commercial partners 87.8 (n = 237) 96.5 (n = 113) 92.7 (n = 205) 95.6 (n = 91) 92.4 (n = 118) 92.0 (n = 764) 92.8 (n = 91)
Consistent condom use, casual partners 88.7 (n = 327) 90.4 (n = 230) 90.2 (n = 418) 91.3 (n = 208) 90.3 (n = 422) 90.1 (n = 1605) 91.1 (n = 188)
Received an HIV test, past 12 months 39.3 57.6 52.4 55.4 56.3 52.1 61.9
Sought medical treatment for STI episode, past 12 months 74.2 (n = 58) 75.0 (n = 88) 68.6 (n = 137) 65.9 (n = 44) 75.9 (n = 170) 72.4 (n = 497) 78.2 (n = 51)